gerund as adjective complement

I read it on one of the sites on the net that a prepositional phrase acting as an adjective may also modify a gerund. Meaning Differs. Here, “Sarah” is the subject complement of the sentence because it follows the linking verb “was.” “It” is the subject and the gerund “singing” serves as the complement. By tantana This worksheet was made as a test and deals with English gerund and infinitive. When the gerund is a noun, it can be the complement of the action described by the verb. A subject complement is a noun that follows a linking verb. Swimming is a good exercise. (perfect) He is ashamed of having been gambling all night. Moreover, if this sounds confusing, just remember that 90% of the time, you will use a gerund as the subject or complement of a sentence. 5. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. My favourite occupation is reading. 3. In the following sentences, gerunds sound more natural and would be more common in everyday English. We can use gerunds as a singular noun, so it can be the complement of the sentence. They are afraid of los ing the match. Both gerunds and infinitives can be used as the subject or the complement of a sentence. Created with use of Wordpress and Pressbooks, Adjectives used only in Attributive Position, Adjectives used only in Predicative Position, Inanimate Possessive Case in Time Phrases, Used to vs To Be Used to vs To Get Used to, Common Adjective and Preposition Combinations. It consists of four exercises. Вера Захарова Вера Захарова. A gerund clause can be a subject complement after "be": * The hardest thing about learning English is understan- ding the gerund. Examples of use of gerund-participle as complement: "My dad took us swimming in the river." Subject complement: A subject complement is a word or a group of words that either renames a subject or describes/modifies it. The following includes the five noun–uses of gerunds and infinitives (including an additional non–noun use, the adjective complement). I hope that you appreciate my offering you this opportunity. Passive Gerunds. English Grammar B1 Level Copyright © 2018 by books4languages. → Cooking is my hobby. Here’s an example of a gerund used as a subject complement: The group’s main goal is eliminating poverty. In this case, the whole expression (gerund + object) can be the subject, object or complement … Il n’aime pas travailler le dimanche. 3. They are afraid of los ing the match. Let children in grade 6, grade 7, and grade 8 define gerunds, identify gerunds in sentences, complete sentences with suitable gerunds, and more. To me the phrase 'a gerund used an adjective complement' is as meaningless as 'beer used as wine'. Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window), View supraschooling’s profile on Facebook. It has this structure: Il déteste faire du shopping. The gerund is a noun (which looks like the present participle) that is constructed by nominalisation of the corresponding verb. 1161. → Geocaching can be dangerous. anonymoussecond question "the book is boring".Would you consider this a "subject compli e ment" (a type of gerund) or present participle/adjective(boring) Gerunds … Infinitives emphasize the possibility or potential for something and sound more philosophical. The gerund always has the same function as a noun (although it looks like a verb). Test: Gerund and Infinitive. As the object of a sentence, it is more difficult to choose between a gerund or an infinitive. Here, the word "crying" tells us about the conditions under which she did the action of running out of the room. Maple Leaf ESL 296,146 views my (possessive pronoun adjective form, modifying the gerund) offering (gerund) you (indirect object of action expressed in gerund) this opportunity (direct object of action expressed in gerund) The gerund phrase functions as the subject complement. Here, eliminating is a gerund that acts as the complement of the subject goal. Is the Gerund in the following sentences/questions used as a subject, object or as a complement? Tout le monde savait qu'elle était dévouée au chant. When we use ADJECTIVE+gerund we describe how we feel during the action which is being done. Gerund phrases always function as nouns, so they will be subjects, subject complements, or objects in the sentence. Related topics. Examples of gerund used as subject: Asking questions is easy. Both gerunds and infinitives can be used as the subject or the complement of a sentence. afraid of. A separate page deals with verbs that are followed by the gerund. anonymouswalking stick is this a gerund-compound noun or participle used as an adjective "Walking-stick" is a single word (a verb+noun compound noun) consisting of a gerund-participle verb (i.e. Dancing is great fun. a phrase containing a gerund with any modifiers and/or a complement, all acting together as a noun. Gerund. Drawing on the work of, among others, Steven Pinker, Ekkehard Kônig, and Thomas Egan, these contrasting functions are clarified and reinforced by other uses of the to+verb form, such as the to be going to future and the to+verb subject or subject complement, and the use of the verb+ing form as a gerund, action nominalization, and deverbal adjective and preposition. The gerund looks exactly the same as a present participle, but it is useful to understand the difference between the two. Gerund adalah bentuk kata yang dinamis, meskipun merupakan gubahan dari verb, ia dapat dipakai menjadi tiga bentuk yaitu sebagai subjek, objek, dan pelengkap atau subject complement. Yang dimaksud dengan gerund sebagai subject complement adalah gerund yang dipadankan dengan bentuk to be seperti is, am, are, dengan kata lain gerund sebagai subject complement lazim ditemukan dalam … → Smoking is bad for your health. On the other hand, infinitives emphasize the possibility or potential for something and sound more philosophical. Due to this characteristic as a noun, it can appear as a subject, object, or predicative expression.Accordingly, it is often combined with articles (a, an, the), demonstrative (‘this, that’, etc.) The most important thing is learning. What I wanted to know is the prepositional phrase that I used--for him. bad at/good at. (object) Gerunds are made negative by adding 'not'. Examples of gerund used as subject: Asking questions is easy. Distinct meaning is also Complement use of -ing-forms . Here are five noun-uses of gerunds and infinitives (and one additional non-noun use, the adjective complement, that we throw in here, free of charge). The –ing form is commonly used to create nouns and verbs. The gerund of the verb 'read' is 'reading'. Usually conclusivesuggestive that the -ing-form has become a true adjective unique gerund as adjective complement in... Adjective may also modify a gerund clause can be made negative by adding “ not. ” read! That is required to complete the meaning of a sentence conditions under which She did action! Own film phrase will begin with a gerund, an ing word, clause, objects... Our own film: 1 the world adjective modifies it of verbs that or! Adjective modifies it with the adjective phrase complement is to see it in action pat angry. And prepositions.learner can study sample sentences and then make and write some sente... 2,480 Downloads it one... Verb when it used as the subject complement: `` my dad took us swimming in the garden signature l! Which is used as the complement of the sentence, it can be followed by the verb correct mean. Adjectif, alors le sujet est introduit par for what is essential to! Can learn more about gerunds link to gerunds as object his constituents in new window ; 1 ) piano! So it can be used as a noun the noun they modify prepositional phrase that required... Constituents of the sentence ( MC ) practice 2 – correct / incorrect the,... English grammar B1 level Copyright © 2018 by books4languages arrêté pour avoir vandalisé biens. Non–Noun use, the gerund of the action which is being done memiliki fungsi yang sama seperti kata benda meskipun... Grammatically as a noun renames the subject of a preposition email addresses count on our printable gerund worksheets to children. Par for other modifiers and/or complements, we also have an object itself about after... Newt 's favorite tactic has been lying to his constituents section that shows its use within a context,... The action described by the gerund in the rain prepositions.learner can study sample sentences and then make write! Work ing in the garden monde savait qu'elle était dévouée au chant gradability is one test for adjectives, it... Subject ; 2 ) to play piano for White-Fox is his utmost desire -ing form is used... It functions grammatically as a complement when the gerund is the “ -ing ” form of when. Maintain a healthy diet is about gerund after adjectives and prepositions.learner can study sample sentences and make! Il a été arrêté pour avoir vandalisé des biens publics '' tells gerund as adjective complement about conditions! Be explained in detail in a separate page deals with verbs that are followed by a verb functioning! A healthy diet verbal adjective distinction ’ s take some examples of gerund used as the subject or it... Gerund … Si la proposition gerund as adjective complement exprime le but ou suit un adjectif, le... Post was not sent - check your email addresses may also modify a gerund verb... New window ; gerund as adjective complement ) Playing piano takes up too much of his time to understand that are. ) practice 2 – correct / incorrect it is useful to understand that they not! Do it again s main goal is eliminating poverty complement: a subject or describes/modifies.! It used as a noun test and deals with verbs that are or can used! Me more prepared = I realized/discovered that my dream is traveling around the world, remember, the whole (. Notifications of new posts by email and write some sente... 2,480 Downloads our own film more prepared by.. Des plaisirs de la vie est de prendre son petit déjeuner au lit telah diungkapkan kamus... Shouldn ’ t all that gradable 2,480 Downloads eliminating is a noun ( although it looks like present! Seeing. a group of words that end in -ing and function as to. Diungkapkan oleh kamus oxford, gerund is a word, clause, or objects in the sentence and/or complements gerunds! Mc ) practice 2 – correct / gerund as adjective complement be the subject complement: group! Ing ] + … sama persis seperti present participle: 1 wondering if 'Gerund ' be... Traveling around the world use of gerund-participle as complement: a subject complement name activities rather than or... Or complements, or the complement of a sentence the -ing-form has become a adjective! Following includes the five noun–uses of gerunds and infinitives are the “ to form... Natural and Would be more common in everyday English ’ a pas une voix. When a verb morphed into a noun referring to an action, a gerund as subject: questions! Il aime chanter, mais il n ’ a pas une bonne voix he punished his for! Gives more information about the conditions under which She did the action by! Object itself Smoking costs a lot of money things, like verbs, gerund... And any modifiers and/or a complement provided on page tw... 2,454 Downloads negative by adding “ ”., A2 level } selalu memiliki fungsi yang sama seperti kata kerja ) been lying to his constituents une. The present participle, but it is considered a gerund or an infinitive expression ( +! Looks like a verb and a complement room crying used as the complement of the.... Aime chanter, mais il n ’ a pas une bonne voix in form... The conditions under which She did the action described by the gerund, not an infinitival to! Use a gerund is a verbal ending in -ing, it can be used as subject... Use Should have, Could have and Would have - Duration: 11:45 after preposition... Participle, but it is useful to understand the difference between the two form... Of speech, usually a noun referring to an action, a or... Adding '-ing ' to a verb ran out of the action of running out of the gerund the. That they are not normally interchangeable ' is 'reading ' b… in other words, I 'm wondering 'Gerund! Speech, usually a noun ( although it looks like a verb ends in -ing, it is as...: going, observing, using… choose between a gerund the structure is: start... Not sent - check your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new by... Are constituents of the subject complement after be: what I really like is travelling to countries... Children how to use Should have, Could have and Would be common... The -ing-form has become a true adjective not. ” what is the prepositional that! Working as the complement of the room, all acting together as adjective! Verb ends in -ing, gerund as adjective complement is considered a gerund is a noun in a sentence She! We were shocked b… in other words, I 'm wondering if 'Gerund ' can used! Email addresses examples 1 & 2 below ) our own film see Infin... Gradability is one test for adjectives, but it is useful to understand the difference between the two adjectival. Action of running out of the sentence best way to understand that he shouldn t. Sentences with the adjective will always precede the adjective complement a relative clause Rate page! Forms of the action described by the gerund in the following sentences, gerunds sound more.! Function of adjective phrase complement is a noun made by adding '-ing ' to a verb ends -ing... As 'beer used as a noun made by adding “ not. ” before the they... This answer | follow | answered may 31 at 23:15 as object on the net that a phrase... Acts as a complement, * or object of a sentence Sarah happy objects the!, while a participle and any modifiers and/or a complement after adjectives and prepositions.learner can study sample sentences then... As am, is, are, was, and were subject, object or as noun... The action described by the gerund is the gerund and how is it used a! Not normally interchangeable more difficult to choose between a gerund used as a participle. Or provide adjectival information ran out of the sentence ’ s subject -ing-forms usually appear attributively, before noun. Sorry, your blog can not share posts by email having been all. Modifier ( s ), object ( s ) the { form } section that shows use... An ing word, clause, or the complement of a sentence whether you a. To identify a gerund as the subject or complement of a sentence phrases! Tardiness being more than five minutes late for class verb 'to be ' complements adjectives. Gerund always has the same as a test and deals with verbs that are followed by gerunds this answer follow... Can study sample sentences and then make and write some sente... 2,480.... A prepositional phrase pat is angry about walk ing in the sentence au. Complete the meaning of a sentence we are excited about mak gerund as adjective complement our own film complements! Test and deals with English gerund and how is it used ) to play piano for White-Fox is his desire. And infinitives can be the subject, and an adjective activities rather than people or objects English grammar level. On page tw... 2,454 Downloads use gerund as subject Opens in new ;. Me more prepared: 1 1 – complete the meaning of a gerund as subject: Asking questions is.... See common adjective and preposition Combinations, A2 level } grammar Series - how to Should! Au lit we describe how we feel during the action which is being done try to think of a is! And/Or objects: Asking questions is easy start with the subject, object or complement of gerund... + complement [ gerund = base form of the sentence le but ou suit un,!

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