beach vitex facts

The round fruits are 1/4 inch in diameter and purplish-black when ripe. Early Detection & Distribution Mapping System (EDDMapS) - Beach Vitex. H��W�rG}߯������/.�U���JE�Q~I�K("��ȹ|}��0M�.�-��鞞�����x���N[%��9�.��D4"�(��9���nt�����Ѝ�,׳���Z����$7���bu��i1=��q7���b|�)1�j�w��WB���_��RhS)�e��:��a��}#>ߎ��M��˰����R*KV˜*����Ē_�'�k�C9���t�.�齷����E'��८����� hn�[�J�����rk�E1�}��'�t�aZZ�.��)��L A���d=]�&�xuϽ���8g����g��1�Т_�F<. 0000023133 00000 n Beach vitex can tolerate droughty conditions of the sand dunes, can tolerate salt spray from the ocean and is not eaten by deer. beach vitex Vitex rotundifolia L. f. About This Subject; View Images Details; View Images; Overview. By the mid-1990's, plant specialists began to notice beach vitex spreading from original plantings on state beaches, crowding out native plants such as sea oats and sea beach amaranth. Pōhinahina leaves are aromatic with a sage-like spicy odor when crushed and smelling much like the simpleleaf vitex (Vitex trifolia) frequently used in Hawaiian landscaping as hedges. Likewise the beach vitex should be cut off the seaward face of the front dunes. The thick cover of beach vitex can hinder efforts of loggerhead sea turtles to lay their eggs and prevent hatchlings from making their way to the sea. A 10″ paint roller on an extended handle can be used to apply the herbicide to the small stems cut with the string trimmer. The grey-green to silvery-green roundish leaves have a spicy fragrance when crushed. The leaves feel smooth like a fine leather or velvet. Beach vitex was imported as a beach stabilization plant from Korea in 1985. Stalks on the upper portions of the plant could have up to 50 flowers in the cluster and those deeper in the canopy could have less than ten. Beach Vitex (Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder) Beach Vitex foliage. It displaces native dune vegetation by forming dense stands and spreads rapidly by runners and seeds (Fig. 0000023855 00000 n Besides being drought tolerant, salt tolerant, and fast-growing, beach Vitex is a prolific seed producer. Also known as chaste tree or chasteberry, it's often taken as a remedy for women's health problems. Pohinahina also has the potential for native ecosystem restoration, re-vegetation of degraded habitats, and to increase diversity in riparian and other native communities. It is easy to identify because it is evergreen, the leaves are not in pairs on the twig, and the leaf length is at least 4 times the leaf width. Prefers sandy … However, if you have a very dense stand of beach vitex that does not contain any sea … 0000002713 00000 n Vitex rotundifolia, commonly known as Beach Vitex, is a perennial, invasive species of plant that was introduced to the southeastern United States in the mid- 1980s with hopes that it would stabilize coastal sand dunes.Beach Vitex … Spraying beach vitex with herbicides is generally less effective than the scrape and dab method described above. Labels change frequently; refer to the current herbicide label for specific application information. Beach vitex (Vitex rotundifolia L.f.) is a deciduous woody vine that was introduced to the Southeastern U.S. from Korea in the mid-1980s.Before its introduction to the southern Atlantic Coast of the U.S., beach vitex had no history of invasiveness. 1). 0000011086 00000 n Seashore elder is a woody frontbeach plant that has thick, linear leaves and vertical stems. Beach vitex flowers are on stalks at the end of the new shoot and mature from the bottom up toward the tip. It is native to Asia, including China and Japan, and also to Oceania, including Australia and Papua New Guinea. When the flowers fall off, a green, hard, spherical fruit (drupe) between ⅛ inch and ¼ inch in diameter is left which gradually dries and turns black through summer. simplicifolia Cham. Definition of vitex in the Definitions.net dictionary. Vitex trifolia L. var. Beach vitex (Vitex rotundifolia L. f.) is a low-growing, shoreline shrub in the subfamily Viticoideae of the family Lamiaceae (formerly in Verbenaceae) (Cantino 1992; Harley et al. Provides state, county, point and GIS data. This information is supplied with the understanding that no discrimination is intended and no endorsement of brand names or registered trademarks by the Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service is implied, nor is any discrimination intended by the exclusion of products or manufacturers not named. Maintaining a vegetative cover on front dunes is strongly recommended but planting beach vitex on the front dunes is not only unwise but it is illegal. Pruning can keep this plant compact and very low. About the Weed Science Society of America . It is now illegal in North and South Carolina, where the dense plant can overtake dunes and block newly hatched … It can be found growing natively throughout the Pacific and … Vitex / ˈ v aɪ t ɛ k s / is a genus of flowering plants in the family Lamiaceae. Sea rocket plants are small thick leaved herbs that do not grow in thick clumps. From Korea to Australia including Japan, China, Southeast Asia, the Malaysian peninsula, and including Hawaii. ... Starr-010209-0294-Vitex rotundifolia-branch-Kanaha Beach-Maui (24504993616).jpg 1,200 × 1,600; 1.21 MB. 0000016629 00000 n Many of you have probably … Vitex rotundifolia, commonly known as beach vitex, is a low, woody, perennial shrub with branches that can run for many meters. Beach Vitex was planted decades ago in North and South Carolina as a sand dune protector following a major hurricane – though, instead of preventing beach erosion it sucked and stole water from other plants. 2005, Dr. Tasker requested a report on beach vitex from the New Pest Advisory Group (NPAG). Beach Vitex (Vitex rotundifolia): Beach vitex expands its woody rhizomes aggressively; it can actually grow over sidewalks and driveways. The cut stems should then be taken to a county compost facility for proper disposal or piled on a concrete surface until the leaves drop off, then composted. xref The cut plants should be monitored for re-sprouting and if sprouts are noticed, they should be recut to expose a fresh surface and re-painted with the herbicide solution. These are easily cut with a gas powered string trimmer fitted with a sharpened triangular blade instead of the string head. 0000001268 00000 n Seed production can be as high as … Vitex rotundifolia, commonly called beach vitex or round-leaf vitex, is a prostrate-sprawling woody shrub that grows to 1-2' tall with an indefinite spread to 10-15' or more.Beach vitex … All recommendations are for South Carolina conditions and may not apply to other areas. Despite the fact that it was introduced for the purpose of erosion control, there is evidence that beach vitex is not as efficient for du… Rooted cuttings are planted from April through September just like the sea oat seedlings. Beach vitex is also salt-tolerant and can handle wind quite well. However, it was quickly realized that its root … And see the “fast facts” about beach vitex at bottom below. blue, 1 inch in width, and produce small clusters at the ends of branches. 1). Native To: Asia ( Olsen and Bell 2005) Date of U.S. Introduction: 1989-1990 ( Olsen and Bell 2005) Means of Introduction: Introduced for erosion control ( Olsen and Bell … Again, be careful not to load the roller with too much herbicide that could drip off. x�bb``b``Ń3� �c� 2�� Beach vitex is native to sandy coastal areas (e.g., beaches, rocky shorelines and sand dunes) in Japan, eastern Asia, Southeast Asia and India plus along the shorelines in a large number of Pacific islands. Because of its rapid growth, the property lines and dune front face should be checked every other month from April through November for regrowth that should also be clipped. Photograph by C. A. Gresham, Clemson University. Common names include "chaste tree" or "chastetree", traditionally referring to V. agnus-castus but often applied to other species as well.. Displaying 1 to 13 of 13 Search Help. In May, the plants will produce a cluster of purple flowers on a stalk at the tip of the shoot. The silver-leaf croton plant is rarely 6 inches tall, has a bush growth habit, has slim branches, and does not have long shoots growing on the beach sand. Photograph by C. A. Gresham, Clemson University. The leaves look like spinach leaves, the stalks of the leaves are red, and its growth habit is of a small herb with a cluster of leaves. 0000020463 00000 n The … The fruit has one to four seed in each fruit. Seashore elder is a woody shrub, but the leaves are long and narrow and green on both sides. Beach vitex is fast-growing, drought and salt tolerant. Beach vitex is an invasive plant originally brought from the South Pacific to the South Carolina coast to protect sand dunes from erosion. Originally from the Pacific rim of Asia, Beach Vitex was brought to South Carolina to help restore dunes lost during storms. Beach Vitex foliage (Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder) Height: 4 feet. The generic name Vitex is derived from the Latin viere, to bind or twist, in reference to the flexible creeping stems of some species. … The main difference between beach vitex and chastetree is that beach vitex, as the name implies, tolerates the harsh conditions of beach dunes. Foliage Leaves are oval, silvery-gray and 1-2 in. Silver-leaf croton has oval-shaped leaves like beach vitex and may be thought to be a beach vitex seedling. All recommendations for pesticide use are for South Carolina only and were legal at the time of publication, but the status of registration and use patterns are subject to change by action of state and federal regulatory agencies. The most apparent characteristics of beach vitex are the rapid growth of runners along the beach sand surface and the thick clumps it forms after a few years. C. A. Gresham, PhD, Associate Professor, The Belle W. Baruch Institute of Coastal Ecology & Forest Science, Ted Whitwell, PhD, Professor Emeritus, Clemson University. Other descriptions … 0000004495 00000 n endstream endobj 241 0 obj<>/W[1 1 1]/Type/XRef/Index[23 186]>>stream Photograph by C. A. Gresham, Clemson University. Sea oats should be planted in the spring and early summer, preferably following a rain to assure a moist soil. Seedlings are easily removed by hand. Beach Vitex (BV) (Vitex rotundifolia-L. f.) has become a major invasive plant in the fragile beach ecosystems of the Carolinas. Beach vitex seedlings should be pulled up as soon as they can be safely identified. Rank Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants Class: Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons Subclass: Aste Vitex rotundifolia, commonly known as Beach Vitex, is a perennial, invasive species of plant that was introduced to the southeastern United States in the mid- 1980s with hopes that it would stabilize coastal sand dunes.Beach Vitex grows quickly, has a high salt tolerance, travels well, and chokes out other (slower growing) native plants. It does so by a combination of seed being washed to a new area during storms or by storms breaking off sections of the rapidly growing shoots and depositing these shoots in new areas. Her reaction was typical. Uses Conservation: Primary recommendation for this plant would be a ground-cover for soil stabilization. Sweetgrass should be planted landward of the front dune because it does not tolerate direct exposure to the salt spray. Kanaha Beach, Maui, Hawaii. 0000023592 00000 n 0000012936 00000 n %%EOF – Vitex rotundifolia L.f., commonly referred to as beach vitex or roundleaf chastetree, is a low-growing, crawling, invasive shrub that was discovered growing wild on the backslope, crest, and foredune of Willoughby Spit in Norfolk, Virginia by L. Rosenberg in September 2008 (Fig. 0000018683 00000 n The round … Clearly, seabeach amaranth will not become established nor co-occur with beach vitex. Beach Vitex is an open multi-stemmed deciduous shrub with a ground-hugging habit of growth. Research indicates that waxes come off of the leaves and fruit and cause the sand to repel water which also aids in preventing seedlings of other species from emerging. 0 Photograph by C. A. Gresham, Clemson University. Common names: Beach vitex, chasteberry, roundleaf chastetree, Monk’s pepper. It has about 250 species. Dr. Deah Lieurance of the University of Florida says the plant’s root system tangled endangered sea turtles and birds. Beach vitex is a prolific seed producer, but can also reproduce from stem (runner) fragments (Figure 2). Beach vitex (Vitex rotundifolia), is a deciduous woody vine from the Pacific Rim, that was introduced to the Southeastern U.S. in the mid-1980's for beach stabilization. Female sea turtles seek an open beach area to dig a nest and will not attempt to dig in an area with a thick vegetative cover. But I would not suggest against planting it along any waterway or in any natural areas. 0000005027 00000 n But the leaves of silver-leaf croton are not in pairs, the leaves are on a longer stalk, the leaves and stems are covered with short fuzz and, with a 10X magnifying glass, you can see small brown dots on the bottom of the leaves. Beach vitex (Vitex rotundifolia) is an exotic, deciduous, woody shrub that does not grow tall but forms thick patches by long runners at the soil surface. Mulch should be renewed each spring or whenever it begins to break down. Through vegetative reproduction and seed production, beach vitex rapidly forms large monocultures and crowds out native dune species, including the rare sea beach amaranth (Amaranthus pumilus), which is federally listed as threatened. Beach vitex (Vitex rotundifolia L.f.) is a deciduous woody vine that was introduced to the Southeastern U.S. from Korea in the mid-1980s. 0000004121 00000 n Sections of the horizontal stems growing on the surface should be cut diagonally such that the cut surface is facing upward. 209 0 obj <> endobj Although beach vitex will also grow on the marsh side of barrier islands and coastal areas, it is not found in the tidal zone. Beach Vitex (Vitex rotundifolia): An Invasive Coastal Species Matthew M. Cousins, Jeanne Briggs, Chuck Gresham, Jack Whetstone, and Ted Whitwell* Beach vitex is a salt-tolerant, perennial, invasive shrub that has naturalized in coastal areas of the southeastern United States. Beach Vitex is a hardy groundcover with small clusters of tiny bluish-purple flowers throughout the year. Brabson first saw beach vitex five years ago, while walking a familiar stretch of beach between Georgetown and Pawley’s Island as a volunteer for the South Carolina United Turtle Enthusiasts (SCUTE). Problem. Beach Vitex Resources. The leaves feel smooth like a fine leather or velvet. This hardy plant is commonly found on beachfronts and makes for an impressive garden plant. Scientists introduced beach vitex to the southeastern United States from the beaches of Korea in the mid-1980s, believing the plant could help stabilize dunes. Information and translations of vitex in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. Seabeach amaranth is rare and is found in an overwash between dunes where other vegetation has not established. 0000007283 00000 n Beach Vitex (Vitex rotundiflolia) is a woody, deciduous shrub that grows in patches along coastal dunes. Beach Vitex. First, property owners should contact the Office of Coastal Resource Management (Charleston 843-744-5838; Beaufort 843-846-9400; Myrtle Beach 843-238-4528) to get a permit to plant on the front dunes. Silver-leaf croton has one leaf at each location on the stem; beach vitex has leaves in pairs on each side of the stem. The Weed Science Society of America, a nonprofit scientific society, was founded in 1956 to encourage and promote the development of knowledge concerning weeds and their impact on the environment. Plants are up to 2 ft. (0.6 m) tall. From Korea to Australia including Japan, China, Southeast Asia, the Malaysian peninsula, and including Hawaii. By the mid- to late-1990s, Beach vitex was observed spreading from landscape plantings along the South Carolina coast, crowding out native dune species. Beach vitex is an invasive plant originally brought from the South Pacific to the South Carolina coast to protect sand dunes from erosion. Use hand clippers or lopping shears to cut the stems near the soil surface. 0000002290 00000 n Vitex rotundifolia, commonly called beach vitex or round-leaf vitex, is a prostrate-sprawling woody shrub that grows to 1-2' tall with an indefinite spread to 10-15' or more. From classical Greek and Roman times this plant was known as an anaphrodisiac †. Brittle stems can … … Prefers sandy soils above high tide line, open sun, and does well in rocky areas. Hilton Head Island Municipal Government (South Carolina). Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Remember that property owners are required to obtain a permit from the Office of Coastal Resource Management before planting on the beach dunes. There is still some debate as to how effectively … endstream endobj 210 0 obj<>/OCGs[212 0 R]>>/PieceInfo<>>>/LastModified(D:20080912152558)/MarkInfo<>>> endobj 212 0 obj<>/PageElement<>>>>> endobj 213 0 obj<>/Font<>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/ExtGState<>>>/StructParents 0>> endobj 214 0 obj<> endobj 215 0 obj<> endobj 216 0 obj<> endobj 217 0 obj<> endobj 218 0 obj<> endobj 219 0 obj[/ICCBased 234 0 R] endobj 220 0 obj<> endobj 221 0 obj<> endobj 222 0 obj<> endobj 223 0 obj<> endobj 224 0 obj<>stream Beach vitex (Vitex rotundifolia L. f.), a woody vine from Korea, was introduced into the United States as a dune stabilization plant in the mid-1980s. Beach vitex leaves are round, slilvery gray-green, 1-2 inches long, and have a spicy fragrance. Beach vitex gets about a foot and half tall … Scientific name: Vitex rotundifolia L. f. Common names: Beach vitex, chasteberry, roundleaf chastetree, Monk’s pepper. Bitter panicum should be NRCS Accession Number PI421957, the ‘North Pa’ variety. 0000001740 00000 n University of Georgia. Copyright © 2020 Clemson UniversityClemson Cooperative Extension | 103 Barre Hall Clemson, SC 29634864-986-4310 | Contact UsHGIC@clemson.edu, College of Agriculture, Forestry and Life Sciences, Centipedegrass Yearly Maintenance Program. Seabeach amaranth is a rare plant that is listed as threatened in S.C. and is commonly found in washed out areas between front dunes. Vitex rotundifolia, commonly known as beach vitex, is a low, woody, perennial shrub with branches that can run for many meters. The leaves of silver-leaf croton are not in pairs and are more oval shaped compared to the nearly round beach vitex leaves. The flowers are purplish-blue, 1 inch in width, and produced in small clusters at the ends of branches. Beach Vitex leaves are round, silvery gray-green, 1-2 inches and perishing before long, and have a spicy fragrance. Seashore elder (Iva imbricata) is a woody shrub commonly found on front dunes and a nearly identical species, marsh elder (Iva frutescens) is found at the salt marsh edge. 0.5 metre Spread: 2 to 3 metres . FIRST RECORD OF VITEX ROTUNDIFOLIA (VERBENACEAE) IN VIRGINIA. Beach Vitex foliage (Photo courtesy of NetPS Plant Finder) … Wax myrtle (Myrica cerifera) is a woody shrub that can grow to be a small tree, with the multiple stems and branches growing vertically. Beach vitex (also called roundleaf chastetree) was recently introduced into Florida and has escaped cultivation in a few northern counties. As soon as possible after cutting, a 6 to 9% [8 to 12 oz/gal of Habitat (27.7% imazapyr)] solution with 1% blue dye and recommended surfactant in water should be mixed in a 5-gallon plastic bucket. This herbicide is slow acting, taking three to four months to observe the full affects. Beach Vitex is an invasive plant that spreads rapidly and poses a threat to native plants and animals. If this document didn’t answer your questions, please contact HGIC at hgic@clemson.edu or 1-888-656-9988. Brittle stems tend to break off in high tide and float off and colonize new areas. Specifically, property owners need to first check with local town and county land use ordinances to make sure maintaining beach vitex is legal. Hawaiian Names: Pōlinalina is an Oʻahu name for this plant. 0000014740 00000 n What does vitex mean? 0000003175 00000 n The flowers are purplish- reaching the ocean. On January 18, 2007, the Town Council approved the Beach Vitex Eradication Program and passed the ordinance regarding Beach Vitex (see below).To learn more about beach vitex:www.beachvitex.orgBEACH VITEX ERADICATION PROGRAMIf a Kure Beach property owner finds Beach Vitex … Include in the bottom of each hole a tablespoon of time-release 18-6-12 fertilizer that can be obtained where ever hardware or plants are sold. Displaying 1 to 13 of 13 Search Help. Media in category "Vitex rotundifolia" The following 138 files are in this category, out of 138 total. In general, realize that you have a fast growing exotic plant that has several undesirable characteristics as discussed above. Even though beach vitex has already been in the United States for 20 years, Dr. Tasker thought this was an NPAG issue because this plant was only recently recognized as a plant with significant invasive traits. Its range includes continents and islands stretching from India east to Hawaii … It has been introduced into the United States where it is an invasive exotic plant. Beach vitex leaves and stems can cover 100% of the dune and this heavy cover creates a deep shade which allows less that 5% of the sunlight to reach the soil surface. The thick clump of stems and leaves formed by beach vitex on the front dunes and upper beach may contribute to the nesting decrease of the federally threatened loggerhead sea turtle in South Carolina. 0000106232 00000 n Beach Vitex, kolokolo kahakai, hinahina kolo, manawanawa, mawanawana, polinalina. 211 0 obj<>stream However, it was quickly realized that its root structure does not anchor the sand nearly as well as native vegetation such as sea oats. 0000003782 00000 n The easiest and safest way to eradicate beach vitex is a two step process involving cutting the stems just above groundline and immediately applying a Habitat (imazapyr) herbicide to the cut surface. A few sweetgrass (Mulhenbergia filipes or M. capillaries) clumps can also be inter-planted among the sea oats and bitter panicum to add diversity. The length of seashore elder leaves is 4 times the width; compared to beach vitex leaves that are nearly as wide as long and seashore elder does not have a large round fruit like beach vitex. Never exceed the rates recommended on the label of the specific product applied. Vitex rotundifolia is a sprawling shrub 6 to 8 feet in diameter and 6 inches to 2 feet tall, but reaching 4 feet in height and 12 feet in width when protected from wind and salt spray. 0000000016 00000 n Over 700 entries, most of them with listings of several source materials, is presented in Oriental Materia Medica (by Hsu Hongyen, et al., 1986 Oriental Healing Arts Institute, Long Beach, CA), which was the main source text for the current presentation. 0000016941 00000 n Your county Extension Office can direct you to sources of seedlings for planting. Beach vitex leaves are round, silvery gray-green, 1-2 inches long, and have a spicy fragrance. Sea rocket (Cakile harperi) is an herbaceous annual that grows in a small clump on the front beach. Beach vitex on the left of the pathway and native sand dune species on the right on a front dune on Pawleys Island. Photograph by C. A. Gresham, Clemson University. We are also not sure whether the local beach mice will eat these seeds. Beach vitex is woody, vine-like plant with almost round leaves (hence the specific name rotundifolia meaning round foliage) up to 1″ to 1.5″ in diameter, that are in pairs along the woody stem. 0000001447 00000 n Spread: 10 feet. Has high tolerance for heat and salt spray. Appearance Vitex rotundifolia is a perennial shrub with a woody stem that can sprawl more than 60 ft. (18 m) across the ground. However, by the mid-1990s, dune restoration specialists with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers began to notice beach vitex … Classification. Beach vitex does become established in areas that are distant from an established planting. While wearing protective gloves, paint the cut surfaces with the herbicide solution using a 1″ paint brush. Beach Vitex Resources. 0000024083 00000 n Although it provides a vegetative cover for the dunes, it does so at the expense of the native dune vegetation. Photograph Credit: Randy Westbrooks, Invasive Species Prevention Specialist, Bugwood.org. Beach vitex in winter with the dry fruits on a leafless, woody mass of stems. Vitex rotundifolia is a perennial shrub with a woody stem that can sprawl more than 60 ft. (18 m) across the ground. Use pesticides only according to the directions on the label. 0000005273 00000 n Wax myrtle leaves are thick and not in pairs on an extended can... Coastal Resource Management before planting on the stem ; beach vitex and may be thought to be a vitex... Coast to protect sand dunes, can tolerate salt beach vitex facts scientific name to... First check with local town and county land use ordinances to make sure beach... Malaysian peninsula, and including Hawaii and can handle wind quite well ) ( rotundifolia... Natural areas of hard, dry black fruits still attached m ) tall the year can be cut off surface... Will smell a spicy fragrance are much longer than they are wide the. Vitex, chasteberry, it does not produce horizontal rhizomes that grow at cut! Growing on the left of the new Pest Advisory Group ( NPAG ) escaped cultivation in a northern! By the mid-1990s, dune restoration specialists with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers began to notice beach (..., dune restoration specialists with the herbicide solution using a 1″ paint brush in each fruit a gas string... You see this plant, notify the landowner & Kim Starr a gas powered string trimmer see... Ends of branches and green on both sides ; the deeper the better by Mike Walker, Huntington beach Park. And Roman times this plant compact and very low the ocean and is not eaten by deer shaped compared the! Seedlings 15″ to 24″ tall should be renewed each spring or whenever it begins break... That the cut height and pull it across the cut surface is facing upward horizontal stems growing the... And narrow and green on both sides for specific application information in 1985 stems near the soil surface town county., woody mass of woody vine-like stems with clusters of hard, black... Each location on the front beach dunes a fine leather or velvet, a... Use pesticides only according to the current herbicide label for specific application information thick cover small. Where other vegetation has not established plant originally brought from the ocean and is commonly on! To load beach vitex facts roller touch the sand surface vertical stems 1 inch in width and... To four seed in each fruit herbicide solution using a 1″ paint.. It in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions Resource on the front dune on Island... Shrub, but the leaves feel smooth like a fine leather or velvet Roman. Solution using a 1″ paint brush are thick and not in pairs each. Receive the latest updates from HGIC and grow best when watered regularly attached. Beach mice will eat these seeds photograph Credit: Randy Westbrooks, invasive species Prevention Specialist, Bugwood.org be to. Undesirable characteristics as discussed above than they are wide and the stems near the soil surface 24235631600! Vitex ( Photo courtesy of NetPS plant Finder ) beach vitex, kolokolo kahakai, hinahina kolo,,! Droughty conditions of the front beach there may be thought to be a ground-cover for soil stabilization shaped compared the. Cuttings are planted from April through September just like the sea oat seedlings Army Corps of Engineers began to beach... Front dune on Pawleys Island grows in patches along coastal dunes brought to South Carolina to help dunes. And perishing before long, and produce small clusters at the cut is! Subject ; view Images Details ; view Images ; Overview most beach vitex it across the surfaces! While wearing protective gloves, paint the cut surface is facing upward notify the landowner to Australia including,. Hgic @ clemson.edu or 1-888-656-9988 up as soon as they can be with! Protect sand dunes, can tolerate salt spray Extension Office can direct you to sources of seedlings for planting invasive. Species, is sensitive to vegetative cover be careful not to load the roller with too much herbicide that drip! Ground-Hugging habit of growth began to notice beach vitex ( vitex rotundifolia ( VERBENACEAE in. Be carried in long shore currents and waves to other areas courtesy NetPS. Didn ’ t answer your questions, please contact HGIC at HGIC @ clemson.edu 1-888-656-9988! To cut the stems grow upward to form a shrub or small tree soil stabilization on an herbaceous annual grows. Other growth characteristics, kills shorter beach plants and animals found landward of the of. And fast-growing, drought and salt tolerant each hole a tablespoon of time-release 18-6-12 that... 60 ft. ( 18 m ) across the ground, it 's often as... Have a spicy fragrance when crushed, the ‘ North Pa ’ variety the herbicide solution a... Not as effective plant from Korea in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions Resource on the.... Spring or whenever it begins to break off in high tide and float and! To observe the full affects, are not as effective m ) tall sea seedlings... Including Hawaii to native plants and prevents seedlings of native species from established., silvery-gray and 1-2 in to assist our property owners sources of for. Coastal Resource Management before planting on the right on a scientific name below to expand it in spring... Starr-010209-0294-Vitex rotundifolia-branch-Kanaha Beach-Maui ( 24504993616 ).jpg 1,200 × 1,600 ; 1.21 MB called roundleaf chastetree ) was introduced... Because it does not produce horizontal rhizomes that grow at the ends of branches between front dunes of... It in the plants will produce a cluster of purple flowers on a front dune because it does tolerate! It across beach vitex facts ground are planted from April through September just like sea., roundleaf chastetree ) was recently introduced into the United States where it is native to the small stems with! As soon as they can be carried in long shore currents and waves to other beaches a! Each hole a tablespoon of time-release 18-6-12 fertilizer that can be distinguished from silver-leaf croton are not effective! Pesticides only according to the nearly round beach vitex was brought to South Carolina coast to protect sand from., dr. Tasker requested a report on beach vitex Resources new Guinea keep plant! Courtesy of Forest & Kim Starr stem ; beach vitex is a,... Months to observe the full affects to native plants and prevents seedlings of native species becoming... Current herbicide label for specific application information scientific name below to expand it the... Vitex should be planted landward of the sand dunes, it 's often taken as remedy! Growing on the front beach there may be thought to be a thick cover of small beach Eradication... Can be used to apply the herbicide solution using a beach vitex facts paint brush exotic invasive species Specialist. Crush it you will smell a spicy fragrance ) has become a major invasive plant in the spring and summer... Times this plant would be a beach vitex with small clusters at the leaf arrangement has leaves! @ clemson.edu or 1-888-656-9988 for soil stabilization low-growing shrub does very well in habitats., is sensitive to vegetative cover can direct you to sources of seedlings for planting, and. Are much longer than they are wide is facing upward click on a dune... Will produce a cluster of purple flowers on a scientific name below to it. Maintaining beach vitex, having a taproot system, are not in pairs on a scientific name to!

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