police use of force essay

Subjects of police uses of force often respond with allegations of law enforcement brutality. Policemen should be politer because brutality turns them to criminals. It is entirely within the police officer discretion the type of force to use during an arrest. All the while, American law enforcers battled to command respect and to control the streets. When dealing with a dangerous or unpredictable situation, police officers usually have very little time to assess it and determine the proper response. The deputy then lunged through the door and kicked her, striking either her stomach or upper thigh area, he smashed her head against a corner wall before flinging her to the floor by her hair. This problem is of a national and institutional nature. The basic problem with use of force is the lack of routine, national systems for collecting data on incidents in which police use force during the normal course of duty and on the extent of excessive force and when force should be applied and how much. Sometimes, a situation is unpredictable and a decision needs to be made in a split second. These include: is the use of force justified, has the officer been properly trained to use force, and The primary goal of the police is protection therefore force must be used to promote safety in the community. According to uslegal.com, “Police brutality is a civil rights violation that occurs when a police officer acts with excessive force by using an amount of force with regards to a civilian that is more than necessary.” This type of force on someone is a violation of a person 's rights. It is a reaction or effect caused by unfavorable physical, psychological, or social forces, such as in a force situation. All in all, one may view the use of force as a glass half empty, and some view the glass half full, which simply states it all depends on how you look at the situation. Some police do follow the guidelines for using force. Police officers have the right to use discretion and can use force whenever they deem necessary, but consequently, Abstract There are several ways to reduce the excessive use and improper use of force, the most important factor is to make all laws enforceable to the fullest extent no excuses. But, if the robber battered someone in the process of the robbery the policeman could. There are also groups that find the use of force by police excessive and biased. The purpose of these models is to clarify, both for officers and citizens, the complex subject of use of force by law officers. Registered office: Venture House, Cross Street, Arnold, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, NG5 7PJ. These types of force include verbal commands or persuasion, physical force (unarmed), force using weapons that are non lethal, force that involves using weapons such as the bean bag gun or taser, and lastly, deadly force. At certain times criminals can be very cooperative when being arrested, so there is no need for physical force the mere presence of the officer is enough to gain their control. The research team examined department policies on shootings, analyzed available reports, conducted extensive interviews, and rode in patrol cars as observers. They have a couple of weapons that they carry in case the need to use them arises. Police officers are authorized to use force under certain circumstances, for instance; controlling a disruptive, aggressive and disturbing emonstration, undergoing arrest of an accused person or controlling a combative individual. Police have many roles to take on an everyday basis. Therefore, the amount of force a police officer uses does not solely depend on him or herself, but his or her discretion. The early studies looked at the incidence and circumstances of lethal force in individual cities. They were expected to maintain order, yet they lacked legitimacy and remained shackled to a partisan, often corrupt, institutional structure in which they were encouraged to use their influence and muscle for overtly political tasks, such as safeguarding their patrons and quelling labor unrest. Study for free with our range of university lectures! However, since they are non-lethal they can be seen as reasonable use of force. Maybe a police officer’s cannot handle making the correct judgment call, or perhaps having, In certain situations, the police may have to act quickly on their instincts. According to (nyclu.org), “innocent New Yorkers have, The Use of Police Force Some people believe police should not have the power to use force, no matter what the circumstances may be. If you need assistance with writing your essay, our professional essay writing service is here to help! The unnecessary use of force use the police officers is referred to as police use of excessive force and police brutality. Police brutality is the use of excessive and/or unnecessary force by police when dealing with civilians. Registered Data Controller No: Z1821391. It is not a question of should or whether, but when and how much. The research designed I would perform for this study would be the evaluative survey research method, in the sense that seeks to determine what is the proper meaning of use of force. Dealing with criminals and placing themselves in harms way on a day to day basis is definitely an admirable calling. When these items are used inappropriately or excessively one may say this is using an excessive amount of force. Due to this tremendous power, scholars and community activists have, over the years, expounded on the need for tight regulation and control over police and their use of force against citizens. Do you have a 2:1 degree or higher? Free resources to assist you with your university studies! Criminology Overall, in order for one to fully understand the various definitions of use of force, one must be able to appreciate the background, causes, and ways to reduce the use of force. Use of force is the amount of force used in a given situation during police work. Today many people don't respect our police officers because of actions made by others. According to Buker (2005), “the term, “use of force”, describes a right of an individual or authority to settle conflicts or prevent certain actions by applying measures to either: dissuade another party from a particular course of action, or physically intervene to stop them (pg201).” Police are granted the authority to use force and being able to use force this is characterizes one of the most misconstrued powers granted to commissioners of the government. Established during an era of soaring violence, when riots were commonplace and when social divisions cleaved cities into competing neighborhoods, American policemen, in Chicago and elsewhere, faced a daunting task. The research would be of a quantitative analysis approach. Physical contact and police brutality can both lead to death. Police Use of Force and Ethics Law enforcement dates back to the 1700’s and is yet considered a fairly modern social establishment. Caron Close 11/ 01 / 20. This case caused an investigation by a special commission to see whether the brutality was extensive within the police force (Engel, 2008). Carter and Corra (2016) studied white peoples opinions of police use of force in association with their attitudes towards race. Officers are faced with many threatening situations forcing them to react quickly, yet appropriately. As such, there … Despite this, use of force is still a constant problem in policing. The research would be of a quantitative analysis approach. For instance, a policeman cannot beat up a man for robbing a store. Police officers have to follow procedures that are necessary to maintain control of situations that can cause harm to others or property. In 1977, the Police Foundation conducted a seven-city study of shooting incidents by police. 18th Jul 2018 The use of force is inevitable in police work. These events are very alarming but what is more alarming is the amount of times officers are exonerated for their actions. It’s either reasonable or criminal. Also, according to International Association of Chiefs of Police (2001), one of the most publicly debated aspects of police use of excessive force during the last year, is the racial characteristic of participants in use of force encounters. Every situation that possibly involves the use of force is unique. The Fourth Amendment forbids unreasonable searches and seizures, and various other legal and policy controls govern how and when officers can use force. They are to decide when and how to act when presented with violations of the law. In 2016, the Police Executive Research Forum, a national organization of police officials, issued recommendations on use of force that provide a “guardian” model for policing. Many ask, what exactly is excessive force?What causes an officer to use excessive force and is it … Police brutality is … On November 29, 2008, a 15-year-old girl was beaten by two King County Sheriff’s Department deputies. A court in one jurisdiction may define “reasonable” or “necessary” differently than a court in a second jurisdiction. More to the point is an understanding of the “improper” use of force, which can be divided into two categories: “unnecessary” and “excessive.” The unnecessary use of force would be the application of force where there is no justification for its use, while an excessive use of force would be the application of more force than required where use of force is necessary (pg3).”, According to Alpert & Smith (1994), “a major cause of overuse of force, possibly leading to police brutality is the belief that police officers are “soldiers” in a “war” on crime. Police encounter different situations in their daily activities. Please click this link to view samples of our professional work witten by our professional essay writers. Many early studies utilized official report statistics to measure the outcome of the variables use of force and excessive use of force. A quantitative analysis appr… Others may abuse their authority and not use force properly. This question will especially benefit a police officer when determining the amount of force that should be exerted on criminal suspects. All officers have to give way to each force option before last resorting to the use of deadly force, unless of course if the officer is in a life or death situation. Most agencies tightly control the use of force, and supervisors or internal affairs units routinely review serious incidents.” (). Situations may be similar or seem to mirror one another, but no situation is the same. Company Registration No: 4964706. Use of force describes the amount of effort required by police to compel compliance by an unwilling subject. Early studies on the incidence of use of force focused on lethal, or deadly, force by police. Police adopt this mentality because of citizens, whose fear of crime has reached an all-time high, and because of politicians, who publicize the notion that tough cops prevent crime (pg127).” Most suspects are compliant and require no more than a guiding arm, but those who refuse or resist, and occasionally those who do not, may provoke a forcible response. Under the 1967 Criminal Law Act: A person may use such force as is reasonable in the circumstances in the prevention of crime, or in effecting or assisting in the lawful arrest of offenders or suspected offenders or of persons unlawfully at large. Officers enforce order within society, by legitimized use of force. The procedural justice model of policing, which emphasizes transparency, explaining policing actions, and responding to community concerns, has been identified as a strategy for decreasing the number of interactions in which civilians experience disrespectful treatment or the unjustified use of force. The dilemma, according to Rahtz (2003), “is the lack of a clear agreement on what constitutes legitimate use of force. Rules on police use of force are spread across statutory instruments and the common law. Police officers should fall under these same set of rules, they should be used as deterrence so other officers will not commit this same crime in the future. Police officers are rarely reprimanded; if the officer is charged with excessive use of force the charges are nearly exonerated. They have to use their discretion; one’s own judgment on how to solve the problem and what they believe is the best suitable outcome. The diverse nature of the circumstances implies that the members of the police also have to adopt different strategies of handling them. Sometimes these allegations are baseless, a product of misunderstanding what might justify lawful force or of false accusation (Matthew, 2006). One major concern with the amount of discretion officers have is their power to decide when to use force or, “Use of force refers to the amount of effort required by police to compel compliance by an unwilling subject. However, the use of force by police is a subject of hot discussion amongst public, as many times law enforcement agencies, televisions, newspapers, Use of Excessive Force by Police Other studies report similar statistics. According to the National Institute of Justice, use of force is described as, “amount of effort required by police to compel compliance by an unwilling subject” (NIJ). They have the power to infringe upon any citizen’s rights to freedom and therefore they must use this power effectively. Police Use of Force Essay - Academic Master Introduction Plaintiff Forrett complained in the course that police officer applied excessive force while he tried to elude capture, and he was shot. The research conducted over the last 30 years on police use of force consistently calls for improved data collection at the local and national level. By situations varying from the differences in people, regions, beliefs, and backgrounds to tailor a particular definition, create certain guidelines for the use of force is difficult. Other times they represent a just demand for recognition and redress for damaged bodies and spirits. It has many civilians concerned about the amount of force that police officers are applying in most encounters with the people in different situations. A use of force is an intentional act by a police officer which may cause pain and/or injury to someone for the lawful purpose of controlling their actions. Police Use Of Force Essay. Police use of force is a topic that is heavily debated on because there is not a single set definition of the use of force, even with the research that has been done with this topic they still have not come up with a single definition. POLICE POWER & AUTHORITY: THE USE OF EXCESSIVE FORCE Julio E. Negron Professor James McDonald Tuesday & Thursday 8:30-9:45 am The use of excessive force by police organizations around the world as a crime control mechanism has been widely criticized and debated for many years. Officers receive guidance from their individual agencies, but no universal set of rules that governs when, Police Use of Force The need for improved data collection systems can also be justified by considering the legal liabilities that law enforcement agencies have with their use of force, from both lethal and less-than-lethal weapons. You cannot use lethal force at will or use force when it is not permitted. Police Use of Force Introduction Police officers are authorized to use force under certain circumstances, for instance; controlling a disruptive, aggressive and disturbing demonstration, undergoing arrest of an accused person or controlling a combative individual. Nailah Cortez Grand Canyon University. Police Use of Force Essay. It seems as if the use of force issue has not been taken very serious through legal aspects. Police officers are placed in serious and life threatening events on a daily basis. It starts autonomic and endocrine responses that prepare the officer’s body for a fight or flight. Introduction Unfortunately, when the police apply their own discretion in the use of force, the outcomes of this approach may end in fatalities or serious injuries. In this century the use of force by a police officer has become a concern to society. Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a university student. Police are faced with tough moral decisions daily. It is really only up to the officers to do the right thing. Police brutality should be punished because people become afraid of policemen. It can also be described as police use of force essay. When handling a certain situation police officers have a variety of force options from which they can choose. The levels, or continuum, of force police use include officer presence, basic verbal and physical … The three topics that will be discussed in police use of force are; the explanation and background of use of force, limitations, Police Officers use of force has been an big issue for many decades, But has now made its way to mainstream. These officers are trained properly regarding use of force while fulfilling their duties. The police are also equipped with different types of tools which they can use. Individuals that police officers encounter may at any time threaten the security of the officer or others. They went on to note, “The lack of systematic, centralized data collection in many departments inhibits the rational development of new policies, training programs, and enforcement procedures (Bazley, Lersch, & Mieczkowski, 2006). The literature is in general agreement that police are in a very precarious situation when it comes to the amount of force they can apply when dealing with a civilian suspect. Police Use of Force. The case of Sean Bell is a case that many will remember Bell was killed on the morning of his wedding day outside of a strip club in Queens, NY. Anything can happen and the officer needs to be ready for every scenario. … You can view samples of our professional work here. However, the use of force by police is a subject of hot […] Police use of force is a tool that is taught to every Officer to help diffuses a situation, it is not meant to do harm, but to ensure the safety of the Officer and the people that are involved in the situation. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UKEssays.com. Police brutality results in the lack of trust towards the policemen. Essay, Essay on Sacrifices in Susan Glaspell's Trifles. In a 1964 survey, the majority of police reported they were to use “good judgement” when deciding whether or not to shoot (Walker 1993, 26). The modern police that we have in today’s society first began in the early 1900’s, different from the law enforcement we have in today’s society, this police force wasn’t the only type of police protection that there was. Misunderstanding what might justify lawful force or of false accusation ( Matthew police use of force essay 2006 ) into... Was beaten by two King County Sheriff ’ s and is yet considered a fairly modern establishment. Others or property stipulations in which no one can be injured or killed ( Ng, 2009 ) made a... 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