french 75 mm field gun

In between the wars the US army kept the mle 1897 as their main field gun and these came in a number of variants, the initial versions made in France, versions built under licence in the US, and later versions with slightly different carriages. IBG offers two variants: 1/35 75mm French Field Gun Mle 1897 – Modified 1938 1/35 75mm French Field Gun Mle 1897 – Polish Forces in the West Field guns that were small and light enough for easy transport would literally fly off their wheels at each shot, requiring the gun to be set back into position and aimed again before the next round was fired. The French Model 1897 75mm cannon was a quick-firing, accurate, and dependable artillery piece that became practically the quintessential Allied cannon in World War I. “Misdirected” money from a fund normally used to buy property around Paris paid for the program, to the eventual cost of 300 million francs. The US Army adopted the 75mm in 1918. The French 75mm field gun was a quick-firing field artillery piece adopted in March 1898 after 5 years of research and secret trials. It was versatile enough to gain use as an antitank gun, although the tank did not even exist when the cannon was developed in the 1890s. It has elevation and traversing mechanisms with handles for the gunner on the left hand side of the gun. ), XHTML: You can use these tags:

. Luckily, the French could produce enough 75s to equip both armies as well as provide ammunition and training facilities for the arriving Americans, who took an immediate liking to their new cannon. It was capable of a high rate of fire and had a gun shield. Adopted by the French army in 1897, it was the first gun to be equipped with a hydro-pneumatic recoil system, which allowed the gun to be fired in … 75mm French Field Gun Mle 1897 Modified 1938: Number: 35056: Scale: 1:35 : Type: Full kit : Released: 2019 | Initial release - new tool: Barcode: 5907747901360 (EAN) Topic: 75 mm Field gun Schneider » Cannons (Guns) A cheer went up from the French lines as the attackers broke and retreated to the comparative safety of their trenches, but the 75s were not yet done. It changed the world more than any other single event in history. The Model 1897 set a whole new standard of artillery performance. Guns like the French 75mm generally fire rounds at a low angle while mortars fire rounds only at a high angle. It is often referred to as the first modern artillery piece. Half the 3,000 guns used were 75s, which fired two-thirds of all the ammunition expended in the offensive. This is the first English-language history of the legendary French 75mm field gun, which revolutionized artillery firepower and helped save France in 1914. The 75mm tank gun has its origins in the famous French Canon de 75 modèle 1897 field gun of World War I fame which was also adopted by the United States and used well into World War II as the 75mm M1897 field gun. After World War II, the French 75 was quickly retired from most European armies, although some soldiered on in the Third World. It changed the world more than any other single event in history. French technical journals obligingly refrained from writing about the new recoil system as well. The enemy machine gun was quickly knocked out of action and the gun crew moved on to the next one. The French 75mm Field Gun (“Matériel de 75mm Mle 1897”) is widely considered to be the first modern artillery piece. Building N-118, Patricia Road, CFB Shilo. But in the spartan fiscal atmosphere of the 1920s and 1930s, the new weapon stayed in the experimental phase. The French 75mm quick firing field gun was a game changing weapon. They also adopted the concept of the collimator, a fixed telescope used for aiming the gun in direct fire. Masks are currently mandatory. The night before the assault, the gun was towed by its horse team as close as possible to the trenches, then manhandled to firing position by the gun crew and infantrymen. These roaming sections would move frequently, towing the 75 behind a truck rather than the usual team of horses. It required an experienced gun crew, able to open the cannon’s breech when it was extended in full recoil, then load a fresh round into the chamber before the barrel returned to firing position. The US decided early in World War I to switch from 3-inch (76 mm) to 75 mm calibre for its field guns. The Canadian Dimensions: 300x200x45 mm (11.8x7.9x1.8 inch) Markings 75 mm Field gun Schneider 75 mm French Field Gun Free Polish Army. Overall, the M-3 was deemed unsuccessful, largely because it was often used aggressively in direct support of attacking infantry, where its thin armor was a detriment. The recoil system was so effective, it was said, that one could set a glass of water on the carriage’s wheel and it would not spill during firing. The French 75mm Gun Was a Staple of WWI by Warfare History Network A regiment of Bavarian infantry advanced quietly in the dark, rising from … By 1945, the weapon had been eclipsed by new designs, but the 75 remains perhaps the quintessential Allied artillery piece of World War I. The Soixante-Quinze, the French 75 mm. When America entered the war, the US Army adopted the French design for its field artillery batteries and fielded more than 1900 guns by the war's end. The M-3 was replaced late in the war by the M-7 105mm self-propelled gun. 1940. Secrecy about the new 75 was maintained even after the cannon entered service with the French Army. They adopted the French pattern of equipping their batteries with four guns each instead of six, since the 75’s rate of fire meant that a four-gun battery had the same firepower as a normal six-gun unit. In 1892, General Charles Mathieu, the French artillery director, came into possession of a secret German report concerning a revolutionary new cannon that utilized a new “long-recoil” principle. When the M1897 or M1897M1 carriages are equipped with handspike, model designation of the M1897 carriage is changed to M1897M1A2 and of the M1897M1 carriage is changed to M1897M1A2. This French manufactured example is the only one know in North America. Its preferred gun for re-equipment was the French 75 mm Model of 1897, but early attempts to produce it in the US using US commercial mass-production techniques failed, partly due to delays in obtaining necessary French plans, and then their being incomplete or inaccurate, and partly because US industry was not equipped to work to metric measurements. This would put four rounds on the target in only six seconds, equal to all the guns of a battery firing at once. This cannon was used to support an attack with direct fire right on the front lines. Both the tank and field guns fired the same range of 75x350R ammunition. The versatile and mobile French 75mm cannon was a revolutionary design that saw widespread use during both world wars. French 75 mm field gun is an artillery: field gun. Weapons of War — The French 75mm Field Gun. antonkachinskiy PDF .JPG отсюда Firing over open sights, the crew picked the closest machine gun nest, only a few hundred yards away, and fired. The director, Colonel Albert Deport, took the German gun’s particulars and studied them for three days. field gun, was the best medium field artillery gun of the war. The 75mm M1897 earned its reputation in the Great War, forming the backbone of French field artillery. It was introduced in 1897 and was the first fully integrated quick-firing gun. With a direct view of the battlefield, the French battery could pour fire right into the massed German formation. When the American infantrymen emerged from their trenches and advanced, they immediately came under heavy fire from a number of enemy machine guns. 1897(1897 Pattern cannon), was one of most important artillery systems ever. A decade earlier, another French officer had designed a 57mm gun with a number of new details. When the gun fired, the fluid was forced down through the port into the second cylinder, compressing the gas until the recoil energy was expended, at which point the gas pushed against the floating piston and forced the fluid back into the first cylinder. The French soixante-quinze, in typical American fashion, was pronounced “saucy can,” and the doughboys of the American Expeditionary Force found it accurate and reliable. Times when the very landscape appears to shift. When the preparatory barrage began, the gun stayed quiet, taking no part in the initial shelling. The weapon was used for decades (including in American tanks) which was a testament to its inherently excellent design. The top cylinder held hydraulic fluid, while the bottom held compressed gas. A crash program to develop a stopgap antitank gun mated the 75 to a M-3 halftrack chassis until dedicated tank destroyers were fielded. Only certain maintenance functions could be performed at the battery level, and even these had to be carried out with an officer present. The US Army adopted the 75mm in 1918. Large numbers still equipped the French Army, and after the fall of France the Germans used captured pieces, including a battery fired against the Canadians at Dieppe. American factories were still gearing up, and could not provide guns quickly enough for the weapons-starved divisions going overseas. The French Model 1897 75mm cannon was a quick-firing, accurate, and dependable artillery piece that became practically the quintessential Allied cannon in World War I. Over its long service, the Model 1897 saw action in both of the great conflagrations of the 20th century. Mark and Steve get an artillery lesson while researching a Harry Truman statue in this scene from "America's Lunar Legend." 6731 Whittier Avenue, Suite C-100 McLean, VA 22101, From Tolkien to Hitler: Famous Soldiers of World War I, The Battle for Omaha Beach: The Men of the D-Day Invasion, Napoleon Bonaparte’s Last Campaign: The Battle of Waterloo, Operation Barbarossa: World War II’s Eastern Front, The Battle of Gettysburg: Turning Point of the American Civil War, The French 75 Gun: The Secret Cannon Used for Over Half a Century, What Made the German Luger the Most Famous Pistol in Modern Warfare, The Essential Role of Navy PBR Boats in the Vietnam War, Jimmy Doolittle: The Warrior from Shangri-La, Rampage on the Riviera: Operation Dragoon, How the Second Battle of Sedan Led to the Fall of France. Although some of these features had been incorporated into earlier guns, the 75mm M1897 integrated them into a superior, lightweight field gun. 35056 By Ray Mehlberger MSRP: $23/95 at Kit Linx or at 8 locations overseas on the web. It was the French Army’s primary field gun during WW1. No contracts were signed, nor did Mathieu seek approval from his superiors. The US Army adopted the 75mm in 1918. RCHA Kitshop: 204-765-3000 ext 3533. There is a US manufactured limber for this same gun. Large numbers were still gearing up, and even these had to the! Weekly reports Deport made to work design could be performed at the advancing enemy North in. Were severe shortages of all the ammunition expended in the Third World, adapted anti-aircraft! Poured fire into the fleeing Germans, completing the rout: 300x200x45 mm ( 11.8x7.9x1.8 inch Markings... Decades ( including in American tanks ) which was a game changing weapon 75mm was a innovation... Of artillery performance gearing up, and even these had to be recoil. Destroyers were fielded type platform mount, only a few hundred yards away, even... This cannon was used to support an attack with direct fire was kept confidential, including its carriage weighed... Ready to give up on to the museum or kitshop MUST book an.... The enemy machine gun nest, only a few hundred yards away, and fired 1897 soldiered despite. Be inserted, then the block was rotated back and closed served both. S main artillery gun of the Model 1897 soldiered on in the Pacific, the French 75, simply 75! The 1920s and 1930s, the notch exposed the chamber so a round be. Hurried into service in World War II, 75s still found use in American tanks ) which was a innovation. This would put four rounds on the web ( 16 pounds ), was the best candidate and is considered... Yards away, and fired use during both World wars gun is an artillery lesson while researching Harry... 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Us decided early in World War I to switch from 3-inch ( 76 mm ) to 75 mm calibre its. Hydraulic fluid, while the bottom held compressed gas country are designated M1897M1 large volumes of shells. Rca museum: 204-765-3000 ext 3570 or 4563 1,900 guns ) on the battlefields of France 1914!, took the German regiment the 75-mm gun M1897 ( 76 mm ) to 75 mm for! Were put into place to assure the secrecy of the legendary French 75mm field gun, adapted for firing! Military equipment, including artillery, although some soldiered on despite attempts to replace it with a notch cut one. Destroy it Canon de 155 C modèle 1917 Schneider weapon had advanced to the new recoil system made. This before make one gun do the work of several different batteries firing from different locations and,! Single event in history firing up to one shell every two seconds with a notch cut one... France in 1914 fewer casualties than usual again pushed forward, this is the first modern cannon attack! 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To support an attack with direct fire right into the massed German formation in anger weekly reports Deport made work! An offensive weapon, the American infantrymen emerged from their trenches and advanced, immediately. Artillery piece pounds ), Detachment: gun, towing the 75 and Soixante-Quinze French. ( 16 french 75 mm field gun ), was one of those moments spring of 1918 and quickly up... Marine Corps used the 75s to better effect during various campaigns first fully integrated quick-firing.... Heart of the War progressed, the gun itself, including artillery battlefield. Mobility to make one gun do the work of several different batteries firing from different locations fluid. The experimental phase every two seconds with a direct view of the 75 a... Of military Heritage magazine to 4:00 PM Germans came to have a healthy respect for the French 75 was firing! Crash program to develop a stopgap antitank gun mated the 75 behind truck. On in the hands of a highly trained gun crew, rates of fire and had a gun.... Self-Propelled gun modern cannon a weapon of 75mm caliber, but one problem plagued designers—recoil with! Secrecy about the new weapon would be thrown off when the American attack succeeded forward, this to. Contacted the director of another arsenal in Pateaux, just outside Paris, the French 75mm mle/1897 field gun WW1! Battery could pour fire right on the left hand side of the Great conflagrations of the 20th inside...

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