It is therefore important to pay close attention, and alert a veterinarian, Age and Sex: Older jennies (female donkeys) are more at-risk, Stress, such as from concurrent diseases & surgery, Mucous-covered dung or reduced dung production. Donkeys are generally more stoic in nature, and may only exhibit the smallest behavioral changes in response to an uncomfortable or painful feeling. In the event that you do not have access to a veterinarian, lancing an abscess is a relatively simple process. There is an annual vaccination for donkeys. Remove loose scabs and dispose of them to prevent further infections. The Truth About Donkeys, Horses, And Lungworm | The Donkey Sanctuary, A Guide To Donkey Care | American Mule Association (Non-Compassionate Source), The Scoop On Poop | Horse & Rider (Non-Compassionate Source), Signs Of Horse Illness | Horse (Non-Compassionate Source), Knowing When To Call The Vet For Your Horse | Dummies (Non-Compassionate Source), Know Your Healthy Horse | Equisearch (Non-Compassionate Source). Call a veterinarian to discuss the symptoms and proper course of treatment. Donkeys with pyelonephritis may appear depressed and anorexic. Caregivers should be trained to observe animals both for behaviors that are abnormal for the species and also behaviors that are abnormal for each. If a donkey has experienced chronic limb pain while a hoof abscess has been treated, the disuse of the limb may cause the tendon to contract, pulling the pedal bone into a more upright position. If you suspect a donkey is suffering from anthrax, you must contact your veterinarian immediately. There is a distinctive foul odor associated with the infection. Ear mites RAPIDLY reproduce and this takes much longer and regular cleaning to even get ear mites under control. Grass cracks start at the bottom of the hoof and crack upwards, while sand cracks start at the coronary band and crack downwards. However, if they are showing signs of laminitis, only exercise them on the advice of your veterinarian. If you have any questions or requests for us, we're always here for you. Be sure to check for these three parasites every time you conduct a donkey health checkup! Trombiculidae is the family of mites com- monly known as Chiggers. It is more common in wet environments. A donkey infested with mange mites will be suffering intense irritation to the skin which will have lesions, scabby areas and conseequent loss of hair. Just like with humans, this flu is very contagious and spreads rapidly. (Back to the top). (Back to the top), Cystitis or urinary tract infections (UTI) are common in equines. A monthly health exam is recommended for these individuals until they exhibit signs that they feel safe and you are confident that close daily observation is possible. Lungworms are an internal parasite that commonly affect donkeys. Strangles is a highly contagious upper respiratory infection caused by Streptococcus equi bacteria. Sarcoids can be found on any part of the body but they are most common around the head, eyes, groin, midline, and, axilla (underarms). Be sure to closely monitor their appetite and communicate with your veterinarian if they are not eating. Luckily, there is an annual vaccination that can prevent WNV. Abscesses can occur anywhere in a donkey’s body, including the internal organs. In the event that you do not have access to a veterinarian, lancing an abscess is a relatively simple process, though this technique should be taught by an expert or veterinarian prior to attempting! Infection is spread primarily through insect bites, but can also be transmitted through contaminated needles and other instruments, or passed on from mare to foal during pregnancy. Dietary management of donkeys is especially important as they are prone to obesity and related disorders. These progress to white or grey opacity, preventing light from being reflected from the retina. Cataracts may appear as an initial grayness, or bubbles or cracks in the lens. Because PPID also affect body fat and muscle, a donkey may present with a “potbelly” and lethargy. If a donkey resident does have EMS, you will want to limit sugars and starches in their diet. Generally, the examination should begin at their head, working your way back and down. Treating the crack involves stabilization of the crack and preventing it from becoming dirty or wet. It’s important to check a donkey’s joints in their legs and shoulders for swelling or tenderness. It is so infectious that pastures housing the infected donkeys will remain contaminated for months. If you suspect an abscess, call a veterinarian to diagnose it. If the club foot is chronic, trim the hoof regularly and keep the foot balanced. Any of these symptoms can cause lameness, discomfort, and could possibly contribute to infections and further damage. They should be free of discharge and clear, and not appear sunken. consult with a veterinarian. Remove loose scabs and dispose of them to prevent further infections. Hyperlipemia results from a negative energy balance when fat reserves are mobilized and sent to the liver to be converted to glucose for energy. Equine Encephalomyelitis viruses are transmitted through mosquito bites and affect the nervous system. Actually, these guys aren’t bugs at all. There are many factors that might cause ulcers to develop, including age, sex, temperament, exercise intensity, intermittent versus continuous feeding, stall confinement, high concentrate diets, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents, parasites (, Severe febrile diseases (diseases causing prolonged, high fevers), Administering corticosteroids to a laminitic patient (iatrogenic). These growing tips for Kalanchoe Tomentosa will give you a fuzzy and … Pancreatitis – very serious inflammation of the pancreas. They can cause severe itching and can be quite contagious. When the bursa is fistulated or draining, most treatments include removing any involved tissues and flushing the area with dilute betadine or other solutions. If a donkey is mature and has gained a large amount of weight in a short time, it’s critical to ensure that you aren’t overfeeding them, especially with alfalfa, treats, and snacks. This group doesn’t get talked about much, but there are some important issues to consider with regard to They can be cured with over the counter ear miticides pretty easily and just as well as with what a vet would sell you. Thrush is prevented by keeping a donkey’s feet clean and dry as much as possible. A veterinarian may prescribe pain medicine and give recommendations for trimming the hoof. Rabies is a zoonotic disease affecting the brain. They’re most common in young animals. We are 100% donor-funded and rely on the support of generous individuals to provide compassionate resources to animal caretakers worldwide. If that happens, it may cause pain or infections. It affects the upper and lower respiratory tract of horses, donkeys and mules. Your feedback helps us make the best resources possible! Be sure to change diets gradually, as immediate changes can cause other health issues to arise. Antibiotics are also often given to help prevent additional infections. It is possible to treat a small separation by flushing and bandaging the area, and administering antibiotics and NSAIDs. Prevention is best! The deeper the crack, the more likely you will see pain and lameness as the deeper cracks may become infected or pinch sensitive tissue. Chiggers are the larva of trombiculid mites over 40 genera found within the continental United States. If you take in a donkey with severely overgrown hooves, you should get a radiograph to ascertain whether bone changes have occurred within the hoof. This will also help you know if you need to isolate the donkey to prevent the herd from becoming infected. If a source includes the (Non-Compassionate Source) tag, it means that we do not endorse that particular source’s views about animals, even if some of their insights are valuable from a care perspective. Instead, they’re close relatives of spiders. If you notice that a donkey is unhealthy, it’s crucial to consult with a veterinarian or compassionate care expert and prioritize accurately diagnosing the problem. You can estimate a donkey’s weight by taking consistent measurements of their body. Generally, the examination should begin at their head, working your way back and down. The treatment used is a drug called Pergolide. Generally, a mature donkey should have between 12-20 breaths per minute. By conducting regular full body health examinations, you’ll be able to know what healthy looks and feels (and smells!) Equine herpesvirus 1 (EHV-1) and equine herpesvirus 4 (EHV-4) both cause respiratory disease when first contracted. Talk to your veterinarian about the best options for future treatment, as the type of treatment will vary depending on the location, depth, and infection status of the crack. The heart rate of a donkey with colic is often increased above their average normal of about 44 beats-per-minute. Treatment includes the use of anti-coccidial agents, such as ponazuril, and NSAIDs. Their pupils should be about the same size and react properly to bright light (get smaller and then return to normal). This obscures the structures behind the lens. The most common ear mite of cats is Otodectes cynotis, and therefore an infestation with ear mites is sometimes called "otodectic mange." In the meantime, feed only hay grass until your veterinarian advises differently and move the afflicted donkey onto soft ground. If a donkey has any open wound and has not been vaccinated for Tetanus, they could become seriously ill or die if that bacteria enters the bloodstream. Here are some common causes of diarrhea: Ensure the donkey receives plenty of fluids and call a veterinarian in order to diagnose and administer proper treatment to the donkey resident. As you may know, regular documentation is a critical part of responsible sanctuary animal care. Those that do display symptoms may have a fever or anemia. Challenging backgrounds may include individuals who are not socialized, have lived feral, or were abused or malnourished. The female horse (mare) comes into heat for the first time at about 18 months of age. Ear mites are a parasite of the ear that can affect both dogs and cats. If it’s prolapsed, you must consult with a veterinarian. As a result, there can be a number of causes. Definitely get advice from a veterinarian on the best course of action and in the meantime, try to leave them them alone. It’s important to be familiar with the behaviors of each resident donkey so you can quickly notice when something doesn’t seem right. Minimizing exposure to wet and muddy environments can help prevent and treat rain scald. There are a number of pesky parasites that can irritate your resident donkeys. There are two types of laminitis: acute and chronic. However, if they are showing signs of laminitis, only exercise them on the advice of your veterinarian. Fever, nasal discharge, and coughing are all symptoms of the disease and can be hard to distinguish from Equine Influenza. See a more detailed explanation here. Ticks are another parasite affecting donkeys. (Back to the top). Sadly, there is currently no cure. They will also have lesions with greasy, scaly skin and hair loss. It can infect any equid, and some donkeys may not show any symptoms but can still be a source of infection for other animals. If you want to ensure early disease recognition, you’ll have to spend a lot of time with the donkeys in your care, so slight changes and symptoms are more apparent to you. Your cat has ear mites or an ear infection. (Back to the top). They may also need a multi-vitamin/mineral supplement, on a veterinarian’s recommendation. This rupturing can expel surprising amounts of pus, depending on the size of the abscess. Special care should be taken with older, younger or ill donkeys. The deeper the crack, the more likely you will see pain and lameness as the deeper cracks may become infected or pinch sensitive tissue. This condition can present subtly at first, including behavior changes such as dullness and, decreased appetite. Since ear mites can be hard to see and may not be the only reason for inflammation or damage to a cat's ear, it's best to have your cat checked out by a veterinarian for a professional diagnosis. Others are soft nodules under the skin, and some start off as, Strangles is a highly contagious upper respiratory infection caused by. If you are at all concerned that a donkey might have colic, contact your veterinarian as soon as possible. Laminitis may develop gradually, with the only sign being laminitis rings on the hooves, or it could be associated with seasonal turnout to pasture, and present as severe recurrent painful laminitis. Horse Health Care – Treating Ear Mites and Ticks Does any of your horses shake their heads, rub their ears on posts or fences, or otherwise make you think they have an irritant in their ears? To treat, shave or clip the affected area, apply diluted antiseptic, and leave the afflicted area open to the air to dry. Equine protozoal myeloencephalitis is a neurological condition affecting donkeys and other equines. Sarcoids are common skin tumors and can be problematic to treat. A single testicle should never be removed if the other cannot be located; the animal may remain fertile and this could lead to serious welfare implications if mares and jennies are impregnated. After an abscess ruptures, the wound may continue to leak pus and become a chronic sore. Ensure the donkey receives plenty of fluids and call a veterinarian in order to diagnose and administer proper treatment to the donkey resident. It’s critical to check a donkey for symptoms of colic. Equine Metabolic Syndrome is most associated with insulin resistance, obesity, and an increased risk of developing laminitis. Their breathing should not be labored, loud, wheezy, rattly, sneezy, whistling, or squeaky. Please contact your veterinarian for advice on how to administer appropriate treatment. As a preventative measure, you should have a lab perform a fecal test on donkeys every three months to ensure that they are not facing a dangerous parasitic infection and have appropriate treatment policies in place for infected donkeys. Toe abscesses are common, so protect the donkey’s toe region from over wear. Rich food, particularly those that are high in starch and sugar, can cause laminitis and colic, Check troughs at least daily: Self-fill auto-waterers can become blocked, water supply can fail, Clean any contaminated water containers, as donkeys will not drink dirty water, Check that water is not frozen or too cold. There is no vaccination either. Are they acting differently than they usually do? A donkey’s nose should be free of any discharge, fluid, crustiness, or blood. It can be very painful. It is important to treat the underlying conditions and associated symptoms. like, and when you should be concerned. For some donkeys, the hives or bumps will resolve themselves over a day or two. By paying regular attention to the herd, you may see some subtle cues in the event that something is amiss. While you wait for the veterinarian to arrive, continue monitoring the unwell donkey for further signs of discomfort. (Back to the top), Gastric ulcers are lesions on the lining of the stomach, duodenum, or esophagus. Vaccinate donkeys routinely based on your veterinarian’s recommendations. It is passed by mosquitos from birds to equines or other animals. However the mare should not be allowed to mate (mounted) until she is 3 years old when she will give birth at 4 years of age. Excessively sticky, yellow, or odorous earwax needs addressing. "Some ear mites produce a waxy plug in the ear … Unfortunately, the first indication that a donkey may have PPID is a severe attack of laminitis, or if a donkey suffers from recurrent bouts of laminitis. Adult lice are very small and grayish-yellow in color. Spider mites: There are many types of houseplant bugs, but spider mites may just be the ones with the biggest “heebie jeebie” factor. See a more detailed explanation here. In these case, the infection can grow into the deep tissues. They tend to latch on around the groins, ears, and behind leg joints. Because donkeys evolved in arid, inhospitable environments, their bodies are able to thrive on highly fibrous, poor quality food. He will give you the medicine that will correct the condition. It is important to begin treatment as soon as possible. I figured I might as well hit double digits before circling back to update the earlier reviews of COVID-19 in animals. The donkey will exhibit signs of lameness. Abscesses of the hoof are commonly caused by the puncturing of the hoof by something sharp that stays lodged within the hoof. This obscures the structures behind the lens. It is more common in wet environments. It can be spread through open wounds, mucous membranes by other equids and possibly by house, horn, and stable flies. This should be more powerful and effective on worse He can see the mites under a microscope. If they’re reluctant to eat, they might have a problem with one or more of their teeth that needs to be managed, or problems with their throat. As with the human version, Equine Flu is It is mainly acquired through inhalation of the virus from ill animals coughing, but it is also possible to spread it indirectly through food buckets or humans that have been in contact with sick donkeys. It’s best if they’re holding it up on their own volition. 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