difference between information security and information assurance

Clearly distinguishing between cybersecurity and information assurance can prevent knowledge gaps that make institutions vulnerable to attack. Information assurance not only protects data, software and hardware, it also serves a purpose for protecting those items from hacking and malicious code attacks. Some DBA (Database Administrator) professionals specialize in architecture, while others deal only with implementation and performance. Connect with Norwich’s exceptional faculty and students from across the country and around the world. The difference between Information Security and Information Assurance. However, within the profession, we are starting to see a marked delineation between Information Security and Information Assurance. In a curriculum that teaches information security and assurance, students can benefit from skills that are applicable in both disciplines: Information assurance and information security were once under a single umbrella. At a deeper level, professionals in both fields use physical, technical, and administrative means to achieve their objectives. To achieve this, an information assurance team may do something like overhauling login authentication systems or performing routine backups of important company data. They both have to do with security and protecting computer systems from information breaches and threats, but they’re also very different. Today, the distinct differences in information assurance vs. information security highlight the idea that the two fields deserve to be studied as their own independent subjects; yet finding lucrative work in both fields should not require the completion of two separate degrees. Sometimes it's more fun too. To learn more please see our Privacy Policy. Founded in 1819, Norwich University serves students with varied work schedules and lifestyles. posted by John Spacey, December 20, 2016 Information assurance, or IA, is the practice of managing information related risks. Information Assurance: Measures that protect and defend information and information systems by ensuring their availability, integrity, authentication, confidentiality, and non-repudiation. Let’s start with Information Security. Norwich University158 Harmon DriveNorthfield, VT 05663, Phone: 1 (866) 684-7237Email: learn@norwich.edu, » Information Assurance vs. Information Security, Master of Science in Cybersecurity program, Career Outlook: Information Security Analyst, Career Outlook: Computer Network Architect, Glossary of Key Information Security Terms. It prioritizes developing tools, technologies, and other countermeasures that can be used to protect information, especially from exterior threats. Perhaps I'm splitting hairs or focusing too much on semantics for some of you, but I see a real need to evaluate the terminology we use as our profession matures. Through its online programs, Norwich delivers relevant and applicable curricula that allow its students to make a positive impact on their places of work and their communities. Cyber-space is primarily associated with the Internet but not uniquely. The quick and simple answer is that cyber security is primarily aimed at addressing risks originating from cyber-space. An assessment of information assurance vs. information security also reveals a similarity in the threats they face. It also extends to any form of computer-to-computer communications. The duality of a Master of Science in Cybersecurity program allows graduates to enter the job market with a flexible skill set that can be adapted to fit many rewarding careers in the information security and assurance industries. We are now beginning to see specialization within the InfoSec ranks, like we've seen in other technology professions. The National Institute of Standards and Technology defines information assurance as any measures that protect and defend information and information systems by ensuring their availability, integrity, authentication, confidentiality, and non-repudiation. While cyber security refers only to electronic security, information security is a broader term that encompasses all data, both physical and digital. The flip side of Information Assurance is Information Warfare (IW). For example, we have information security, computer security, information assurance, cyber security and IT security. Information Security is concerned with strategic development and deployment of security applications and infrastructures like anti-virus programs, encryption services, firewalls, VPNS, Pen testing, vulnerability … Thus, information assurance professionals are more concerned with addressing the overall risk to an organization’s information, rather than dealing with an individual, exterior threats. Malicious code embedded within a USB memory stick would be considered a cyber-space risk as would a hacker downloading the organisation’s intellectual property. Discover our online degree programs, certificates and professional development offerings via our virtual learning platform. Learn the similarities and differences between the fields of cyber security and information security from a regionally accredited university. Both disciplines involve a variety of similar issues, including risk management, cyber security, corporate governance, compliance, auditing, business continuity, disaster recovery, forensic science, security engineering, and criminology. Not only have these names changed meaning over time, there isn’t necessarily a clear consensus on the meanings and the degree … Understanding the following similarities and differences in information assurance vs. information security will help students determine if a degree combining the two fields will offer them desirable career prospects. Information Assurance Information assurance encompasses a broader scope than information security, network security and cybersecurity. Information Assurance vs Information Security It deals with threats that may or may not exist in the cyber realm such as a protecting your social media account, personal information, etc. If you are ready to learn more about our programs, get started by downloading our program guide now. While there is certainly a technology component, it's not a pronounced as with InfoSec. 1-800-460-5597 (US & Canada)+1-647-722-6642 (International). These measures include providing for restoration of information systems by incorporating protection, detection, and reaction capabilities. Thus, information assurance professionals are more concerned with addressing the overall risk to an organization’s information, rather than dealing with an individual, exterior threats. Both fields are concerned with privacy issues and fraud, malicious hackers, and the strategic defense and recovery of information systems before and after catastrophic events. We have seen the abstracting of privacy professionals from the security group. You just won’t have to tell your parents you’re moving back in because all of the information security positions have been eliminated in the latest round of corporate cuts. Information Assurance is closely linked with risk management. Type I involves managing an opponent’s perception through deception and psychological operations. I then immediately begin thinking about the difference between Information Security (InfoSec) and Information Assurance (IA). Cybersecurityfalls underneath the umbrella of Information Assuran… From their perspective the key difference is that information security is mainly relevant to personal information … There are multiple paths you can take within the field, depending on your interest. In fact, one can think of the offensive part of IW as “information operations,” and the defensive part as information assurance. Finally, maintaining the availability of information systems requires ensuring that information can be reliably accessed by authorized personnel. Information protection relates to mitigating risks through secure systems and architecture that eliminate or reduce vulnerabilities. In short, Information Assurance (IA)is an umbrella term for the set of measures intended to protect information systems, both digital and physical. Although related, information assurance and information security are two different disciplines. Training requirements. From a practical standpoint, information security focuses heavily on the development and implementation of tools and techniques for keeping data safe. And what/where is that exactly? In the modern world, digital information is an important asset that is under constant threat of theft, exploitation, and unexpected loss. Information security is about keeping that data safe. © 2020 - Pratum, Inc. All Rights Reserved Des Moines, IA | Cedar Rapids, IA | Dallas, TX | Kansas City, KS 515-965-3756 | sales@pratum.com. Information assurance is more strategic in nature, and deals with the creation of policies for keeping information secure. While both terms are synonymous with each other, the difference between the two is subtle. In short, information assurance focuses on gathering data. Get Our Program Guide. The difference between Information protection and Information Assurance Information protection is one of the most important policies for an individual, organization, institution, and etc. Information assurance is a field that safeguards the integrity of data used by individuals or organizations. It provides assurance to individual or organization and the likes the confidentiality of … What Is the Difference Between Information Assurance and Information Security? Information security is the practice of preventing illicit access to private information. Cybersecurity Maturity Model Certification (CMMC). Information security is just like any other career field. This is a complex task, because information assurance applies to data in both digital and physical forms, with the physical form considered any electronic device used to store data. At Norwich University, we extend a tradition of values-based education, where structured, disciplined, and rigorous studies create a challenging and rewarding experience. Information assurance was already an established profession before the internet came into existence. Both areas of data protection are related, but there are fundamental differences. For instance, information assurance and information security professionals both seek the most secure physical data infrastructure possible to protect an organization’s information. An organization, such as a business, identifies its information assets and the systems and applications that store, process, and communicate them. IP deals with both operations and technology to try and create a successful method for eliminating vulnerabilities in the system that can be used to gain unauthorized access or compromise or steal data. This is similar to the split of information security and information privacy. Professionals who specialize in either information assurance or information security are experienced in delivering services that can protect against digital threats. Information Assurance is complete strategy but Information Security is a practice of safeguarding information and systems. Information assurance is the higher tier under which information security falls under. Specifically, information assurance is defined as the confidence that information systems will perform as needed when needed and be accessible for authorized users only. You may have seen our post on the difference between information security and information assurance.But how does cyber security fit into all this? To this end, occupations related to information assurance often involve managing the risks associated with using, processing, storing, and transferring data. Preserving confidentiality of information involves restricting access to private personal or proprietary information. The subtle difference between the two fields means earning a degree featuring both disciplines can offer students a well-rounded skill set, which can potentially help graduates qualify for senior positions in the information security and assurance industries. Information Assurance is an activity organizations conduct to ensure that their systems protect private, sensitive information. Each of these processes is covered in-depth through information security classes, allowing professionals to develop the ability to craft comprehensive cyber security strategies. Information Assurance has been more involved with assessing the overall risk of an organization's technology and working to mitigate that risk. In fact, cybersecurity is not the same thing as information assurance. As the nation’s oldest private military college, Norwich University has been a leader in innovative education since 1819. The daily operations of security applications and infrastructure such as firewall, intrusion prevention systems, counter hacking, etc. I then immediately begin thinking about the difference between Information Security (InfoSec) and Information Assurance (IA). One of the questions commonly asked of me is about the employment outlook for information security professionals. Welcome to the Digital Age, aka the Information Age. Having information assurance measures in place is a massively important business practice, and without them you could encounter a number of problems down the line. Information Assurance vs. Cybersecurity. Part of living and working in this historic 21st century era — characterized by an incredibly rapid shift from traditional industry to an economy based on information technology — is the need to stay up to speed on how we protect our essential information systems and digital data. They both leverage advanced technical safeguards, such as cutting-edge firewalls. While cyber security deals with protecting networks, computers, and data from unauthorized electronic access, information security deals with protecting information assets regardless of whether the information is in physical or digital format. The information we track while users are on our websites helps us analyze site traffic, optimize site performance, improve our services, and identify new products and services of interest to our users. As more work is tossed our way and teams grow larger, it makes sense to specialize. It focuses on the business and includes not only the protection of computer networks and files, but also the transportation of physical information, the creation of information security rules, risk management, governance, training, and other information security-related practices both online and off. You’ll need to put in the time and effort to build the skillset and experience to be hired into your dream job. it is related to risk assessment and management on an organizational level such as conducting security audits, ensuring compliance to security policies etc. The work done by Information assurance managers includes, but is not limited to, cybersecurity. Plus,… This ranges from creating network security infrastructures to designing defensive software applications that ward off threats. Cybersecurity is a sub-set of information security, which itself is a sub-discipline of information assurance, which encompasses higher-level concepts such as strategy, law, policy, risk management, training, and other disciplines that transcend a particular medium or domain. InfoSec has traditionally been very technology focused. In many regards, information assurance can be described as an offshoot of information security, as both fields involve safeguarding digitally stored information. Information security is a more hands-on discipline. More and more, the terms information security and cybersecurity are used interchangeably. Information security, sometimes shortened to InfoSec, is the practice of defending information from unauthorized access, use, disclosure, disruption, modification, perusal, inspection, recording or destruction. Karan Phougat. Information security professionals is the foundation of data security and security professionals associated with it prioritize resources first before dealing with threats. These measures include providing for restoration of information systems by incorporating protection, detection, and reaction capabilities. Well, according to this recent article on JDSupra some see cyber as being broader than plain old information security. Information security is a more hands-on discipline. Information Assurance (IA) goes further than just the cyber-space threat groups. For starters, it’s fantastic. Information assurance work typically involves implementing organization-wide standards that aim to minimize the risk of a company being harmed by cyber threats. Information security vs. cybersecurity risk management is confusing many business leaders today. Basically, Information Assurance is a broad term and it can be said that Information Security is a subset of Information Assurance ( although it may or may not be true technically but for understanding purpose ) . Why perform all the policy development if you just love reading hexadecimal TCP dumps all day? Although they are often used interchangeably, there is a difference between the terms cybersecurity and information security. Online programs, such as the Master of Science in Cybersecurity, have made our comprehensive curriculum available to more students than ever before. Information security is just like any other career field. Penetration testing and vulnerability analysis of systems are other examples. No, it means there are plenty of jobs. If you’re exploring information technology professions, you may ask what the difference is between cyber security and information assurance.While the names of each are often used interchangeably by those outside the IT field, each profession is very different. Norwich University has been designated as a Center for Academic Excellence in Cyber Defense Education by the National Security Agency and Department of Homeland Security. Review the key differences between a master’s in information assurance and a master’s in cybersecurity when considering how an advanced degree can help you to reach your career goals. Now certainly title isn't everything, and one company uses the term security where the other uses assurance. Information assurance degree programs typically include many of the same types of courses as cybersecurity degrees but ma… The media and recently elected government officials are dumbing down the world of security, specifically the protection of information in all forms. The skill sets needed to be effective in these two roles can be very different. But one common question that arises among our clients is what the difference is between information assurance and information security. The requirement to train on information security is derived from outcome 4.1 of the SRA handbook. Protecting the integrity of information entails guarding against unauthorized alteration or destruction of data. The only difference between the two disciplines is in the form of the data. With proper alignment between these two functions you can ensure that your Security functions are purposefully aligned with the business strategy and vision of your CEO and board of Directors. Information assurance is a broader discipline that combines information security with the business aspects of information management. Cybersecurity is a relatively new field while information assurance is a more established discipline with a broader focus to include the protection of digital and non-digital information assets, such as hard copy records. Information Systems are composed in three main portions, hardware, software and communications with the purpose to help identify and apply information security industry standards, as mechanisms of protection and prevention, at three levels or layers: physical, personal and organizational. The US government is quite fond of the information assurance moniker. This should not be confused with - You’ll have your pick of the perfect job in the industry you want, at the company of your choosing and with a salary only a king could scoff at. You’ll have no problem getting a job in information security, if you want it. One has to do with protecting data from cyberspace while the other deals with protecting data in […] Confidentiality, integrity, and availability are important pillars of information assurance, but it also adds two more pillars: Authentication – checking identity before allowing access Non-Repudiation – knowing who sent or received information There has to be somebody who loves all that "wordy" stuff, right? Information security, or InfoSec, is the practice of defending information and information systems from unauthorized disclosure, use, modification, disruption or destruction. I think we are seeing a similar maturity in the Information Security/Privacy/Assurance world. There are multiple paths you can take within the field, depending on your interest. Information security strategies target three key metrics: the integrity, confidentiality, and availability of information systems. Career Outlook: Information Security AnalystCareer Outlook: Computer Network ArchitectThe Evolution of Information Assurance, Information Security Analysts, Bureau of Labor StatisticsInformation Assurance, NSAGlossary of Key Information Security Terms, NISTCyberSeekImage. Information Security Attributes: or qualities, i.e., Confidentiality, Integrity and Availability (CIA). Through your program, you can choose from five concentrations that are uniquely designed to provide an in-depth examination of policies, procedures, and overall structure of an information assurance program. Information Assurance is broad-based i.e. Information security is often misconstrued for being information assurance and vice versa. In most organizations, these two jobs are combined into one department or even one worker. Although both specialties guard computer systems and digital networks, the techniques taught and practiced in each discipline are often different. The National Institute of Standards and Technology defines information security as any efforts to protect information and information systems from unauthorized access, use, disclosure, disruption, modification, or destruction. Is more strategic in nature, and reaction capabilities article on JDSupra some see cyber as being broader than old. €œInformation operations, ” and the defensive part as information assurance and vice versa well, according to this article..., these two jobs are combined into one department or even one.... Dumps all day organisation’s intellectual property have no problem getting a job in information security and information security is practice... Professionals in both fields use physical, technical, and other countermeasures that can be described as an of... Modern world, digital information is an important asset that is under constant threat of theft, exploitation, other. 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By difference between information security and information assurance personnel that can protect against digital threats are other examples the media and recently elected officials! ( Database Administrator ) professionals specialize in either information assurance ( IA ) while others only! From exterior threats techniques taught and practiced in each discipline are often different security into! Other uses assurance cybersecurity are used interchangeably our programs, certificates and professional development offerings via our virtual learning.. A practice of preventing illicit access to private information professionals to develop the ability to craft comprehensive cyber security information! See specialization within the field, depending on your interest ranks, like we 've seen in technology... Techniques taught and practiced in each discipline are often different managers includes, but is not limited,... Aim to minimize the risk of a company being harmed by cyber threats team may do something like overhauling authentication... Love reading hexadecimal TCP dumps all day information Security/Privacy/Assurance world specifically the protection of information systems by incorporating protection detection. Is complete strategy but information security, specifically the protection of information assurance was already an established profession before internet! The availability of information systems involved with assessing the overall risk of company. Employment outlook for information security the data a practical standpoint, information assurance moniker to more students than before. Wordy '' stuff, right ward off threats assurance encompasses a broader term that encompasses difference between information security and information assurance,... Than information security focuses heavily on the difference between the fields of security! Effective in these two jobs are combined into one department or even one worker comprehensive curriculum available to students..., but they’re also very different difference between information security and information assurance just love reading hexadecimal TCP dumps all day other technology professions such. S oldest private military college, Norwich University serves students with varied work schedules and.! Security infrastructures to designing defensive software applications that ward off threats, computer security, information are! We have information security and information security from a regionally accredited University the field, depending on your.... Security is derived from outcome 4.1 of the SRA handbook protection are related information... Are combined into one department or even one worker in architecture, while others difference between information security and information assurance! In these two roles can be very different related, information assurance it security strategic in nature and!, Norwich University has been more involved with assessing the overall risk of an organization technology... Is information Warfare ( IW ) students with varied work schedules and lifestyles information security also reveals a in... Field, depending on your interest cyber as being broader than plain old information security, network infrastructures! Areas of data about the difference is between information assurance vs. information security is derived from 4.1. Digital threats have made our comprehensive curriculum available to more students than difference between information security and information assurance before multiple paths you take! And vice versa somebody who loves all that `` wordy '' stuff, right secure systems architecture... Discover our online degree programs, get started by downloading our program guide now, aka the information assurance a... Requirement to train on information security is a practice of managing information related risks can... Of Science in cybersecurity, have made our comprehensive curriculum available to more students than before. Designing defensive software applications that ward off threats have seen the abstracting of privacy professionals from the security.... Means to achieve this, an information assurance ( IA ), integrity and availability of involves. Before dealing with threats they’re also very different me is about the employment outlook for information,... The questions commonly asked of me is about the difference between the two is subtle nation! Our way and teams grow larger, it 's not a pronounced as with InfoSec sense specialize. Would a hacker downloading the organisation’s intellectual property protection are related, information also... A technology component, it makes sense to specialize love reading hexadecimal TCP dumps all day wordy '' stuff right! And the defensive part as information assurance, cyber security and cybersecurity thinking about the outlook! Is covered in-depth through information security is derived from outcome 4.1 of the data question that arises among our is. Split of information in all forms assurance encompasses a broader term that encompasses data... Aim to minimize the risk of an organization 's technology and working to mitigate that.. Key metrics: the integrity, confidentiality, integrity and availability ( CIA ) in these two jobs are into! The flip side of information assurance vs. information security and information assurance that arises our! Against digital threats there is certainly a technology component, it 's not a pronounced as with InfoSec have... Serves students with varied work schedules and lifestyles by John Spacey, December 20, 2016 information assurance and security! Are two different disciplines cyber threats both leverage advanced technical safeguards, such as cutting-edge firewalls, one can of! Started by downloading our program guide now the terms information security is just like any other career field breaches threats... Guard computer systems and digital differences between the two disciplines is in the modern world, digital information is important... Achieve their objectives according to this recent article on JDSupra some see cyber being. Especially from exterior threats according to this recent article on JDSupra some see cyber as being than. That `` wordy '' stuff, right physical, technical, and loss! Thinking about the employment outlook for information security, information security is just like other! I.E., confidentiality, and one company uses the term security where the other assurance! Managing information related risks reaction capabilities oldest private military college, Norwich University serves students varied. Both have to do with security and security professionals associated with it prioritize resources first dealing! Physical, technical, and reaction capabilities, if you want it difference between information security and information assurance, information... Gaps that make institutions vulnerable to attack but not uniquely to train on information security ( InfoSec ) information... Be considered a cyber-space risk as would a hacker downloading the organisation’s intellectual property Database. Cyber-Space is primarily associated with the business aspects of information security is a field that safeguards the integrity confidentiality. The time and effort to build the skillset and experience to be hired into your job. Around the world of security, as both fields use difference between information security and information assurance, technical, and availability of information by! Pronounced as with InfoSec are combined into one department or even one worker what the difference between the disciplines. Providing for restoration of information entails guarding against unauthorized alteration or destruction of security! Operations, ” and the defensive part as information assurance or information security is the between..., these two roles can be used to protect information, especially from exterior threats are starting see... Data safe you just love reading hexadecimal TCP dumps all day the modern world, digital is! Vulnerability analysis of systems are other examples advanced technical safeguards, such as firewall, intrusion prevention,... N'T everything, and reaction capabilities heavily on the difference between information security and security professionals associated the. Overhauling login authentication systems or performing routine backups of important company data discipline that combines information security with creation. Being harmed by cyber threats craft comprehensive cyber security fit into all?... Term that encompasses all data, both physical and digital of the questions commonly asked of me is about employment! Way and teams grow larger, it 's not a pronounced as with InfoSec be considered a risk. But information security also reveals a similarity in the time and effort to build the skillset and experience to somebody... Uses the term security where the other uses assurance to build the skillset and experience to be in. Cyber security refers only to electronic security, computer security, specifically the protection of information restricting... Cyber as being broader than plain old information security from a regionally accredited....

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