alpinia galanga medicinal uses pdf

Galangal extracted using 50% ethanol in water was studied for its antioxidant activity and composition in comparison with two other samples based on a water extract and the essential oil. It is used traditionally for the treatment of eczema, bronchitis, coryza, morbili, pityriasis versicolor, otitis interna, gastritis, ulcers, cholera, emaciation and to clean the mouth, stimulates the digestive power, appetite and as a purgative. chân bâu (Combretum quadrangulare), khô sâm bāc (Sophora flavescens), by lá môt hoa (Paris polyphylla), cao luong khuong (Alpinia galanga), hāc huong (Pogostemon cablin), màn kinh tu(Vitex trifolia), thach hôc (Dendrobium nobile). Immunological Effects of Medicinal Plants: A review (part 2). The present review will highlight the chemical constituents and the pharmacological and therapeutic effects of Capsicum annuum and Capsicum frutescens. D. Publisher Dorling Kindersley, London. This perennial herb is indigenous to southeast China and Indonesia and grows in the plains of West Bengal, Assam, and Eastern Himalayas in India ().Ayurveda and traditional Chinese and European medicine have used different parts of galangal to treat cold, stomach ache, inflammation, diabetes, … All rights reserved. Alpinia galanga. various diseases through many research studies. a spice or as a source of essential oil. The IC 50 values of the galangal ethanolic extract (10.66 mg/ml), water extract (55.48 mg/ml) and essential oil (455.43 mg/ml) were higher than those of α-tocopherol (1.45 mg/ml) and butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA; 0.41 mg/ml). This herb is highly aromatic that contains very strong spicy flavor. Alpinia galanga is one of four plants known as “Galangal” and is differentiated from the others with the common names blue ginger, lengkuas, and greater galangal. 0000001712 00000 n Rhizome extract of Alpinia galanga have high phenolic and flavonoid contents when compared to leaf extract. Different parts of this plant are traditionally claimed to be used for the treatment of anti-fungal, Kulanjan (Alpinia galanga) is a rhizomatous perennial herb used in Amomum galanga (L.) Lour. It has also been used in Ayurvedic medicine. reviewed these articles, it is revealed that this herb possessed many The essential oil of A. galanga identified 1, 8-cineol as a bioactive agent having antifeeding activity. It is commonly known as ‘Kulanjan’. Biochemical changes caused by CP-treatment in the liver of treated animals were also significantly inhibited by A. galanga treatment. In Java, the pounded rhizome is applied to wounds and sores. Amomum medium Lour. Tarragon, wormwood and cinchona exhibited the most and olibanum exhibited the least allelopathic potential than other extracts. The minimum effective dose of A. galanga extract required to produce this effect was 125 mg/kg body weight. The rhizome is chewed and ingested. This review was designed to highlight the dermatological effects of these medicinal plants. A large number of flavonoid phytochemical compounds have been identified in various parts of this medicinal herb. Languas galanga (L.) Stuntz Languas pyramidata (Blume) Merr. Constituents from seeds of, Alpinia galanga Wild. 0000001682 00000 n Alpinia galanga contained many flavonoids and a wide range of volatile oils. 0000002771 00000 n articles which have scientifically proved its beneficial actions in 0000005076 00000 n This review will discuss the chemical constituents and pharmacological effects of Centaurea cyanus. (Family- Zingiberaceae) commonly known as galangal, is an. _�5k�I��G�돉� VO���`�!|�T�� ����riS�;0�����dK������h��BO� H9lr, �G�ꦨc|/�*��`S�/��a}Q R��' �h6��0Ue!�4D�-�M��O8{*���?���{t�di��D�Bp(]j����u�ON4�*����aJЃ�؈%�:&�"(j@(-{*�����r��Ӏ�'Qa���Cܠ״*'�@�DZ`3���h����Z��o�c�P˲�&�c���/5Z\La6���Ȍ����%1�st��G4��Z�^� It is a well-known official drug thought out the country as integrated contribution of nature. Oil-- -- * (Z)-BETA-OCIMENE Rhizome 8.0 985.0 * (Z)-BETA-OCIMENE Leaf -- 1705.0 1.41 * 1'-ACETOXY-EUGENOL-ACETATE Root -- -- * Activities (3) Antisarcoma Jeffery B. Harborne and H. Baxter, eds. The different parts of the plant have various effects like antifungal, antiprotozoal, antiplatelet, antiviral, antidiabetic, immunomodulatory, antibacterial, anti-oxidant effects, hypolipidemic and many others. Against fungi and bacteria rhizome extract have a maximum inhibitory effect. Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences. 0000021985 00000 n 0000028475 00000 n oil of greater galanga (Alpinia galanga) from, cineoles in the Rhizomes of Alpinia g alanga. The present review will highlight the chemical constituents and the pharmacological and therapeutic effects of Alpinia galangal. 73 0 obj <> endobj The powder is sniffed in catarrh. Tout comme le grand galanga (Alpinia galanga), le rhizome du petit galanga est très aromatique et s'utilise en cuisine comme le gingembre pour aromatiser les plats. stimulatory effect than the flavonoid fraction. Tarragon affected the radish seed germination more than other extracts at all concentrations. 0000003161 00000 n Alpinia galanga plant which is associated with family Zingiberaceae is mainly scattered in tropical areas and widely known for ethno medicine. The ethanolic extract showed the highest DPPH free radical scavenging ability as well as the highest ORAC value when compared to the water extract and the essential oil. (Zingiberaceae) with (E)-8, 17-epoxy-labd-12-ene-15, 16-dial and their structures were established by the spectral evidences. 0000006595 00000 n This herb of Ayurveda is used to pacify vitiated vata dosh in the body and very beneficial for curing various vata disorders. Alpinia galanga (Linn.) 0000001406 00000 n D. Publisher Dorling Kindersley, London. trailer Alpinia galanga, commonly known as Siamese ginger, Thai ginger or galangal, is a tropical evergreen perennial with a thick aromatic rhizome. The present review will highlight the chemical constituents and the pharmacological and therapeutic effects of Alpinia galangal. Medicinal systems which use this plant Folk Medicine: Details of Medicinal use Alpinia calcarata is used atleast in Sri Lanka as a folk medicine for pain relief. Alpinia viridiflora Griff. Galangal (Alpinia officinarum and Alpinia galangal) is a member of the Zingiberaceae family. is one amongst these, found all over the world. According to above-mentioned verse of Bhavprakash Nighantu shape of leaves of this herb resembles like the shape of the tongue. many places of authentic Unani classical text books such as Al Indian Journal of Natural Products and Resources. The most inhibitive plant extract for root length was obtained with wormwood and cinchona extracts. and many other traditional books have also mentioned its actions Manuscript No: IJPRS/V3/I1/00114, Received On: constituents and the pharmacological and therapeutic effects of, contained flavonoids and volatile oils. (FamilyZingiberaceae) commonly known as galangal, is an important cultivated medicinal crop of India. Antibacterial activity was carried with six different species of bacteria (Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Streptococcus pyogenes, Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis) by using disc diffusion method. 0000014171 00000 n This review discussed the anti-urolithiatic effects of medicinal plants. Capsicum annuum and Capsicum frutescens contained a wide range of nutritional components and pharmacologically active metabolites. 0000002221 00000 n Chemical analysis of Chrozophora tinctoria showed that it contained dye substances, flavonoids, alkaloids, oils, diterpenoids, xanthones, coumarins, chromones, diterpenoids, and phenylpropanoid glycosides. For this bioassay two different determinations (root length and seed germination) were performed with comparison between two concentrations (75000 mg/l and 10000 mg/l). stomachic, cardiac tonic, carminative, etc. Alpinia galanga Willd. The richest area is the Southern Asian region, a floristically ... medicinal purposes. the researchers for further studies. base for For culinary use, the rhizome is typically cut up into small pieces, thin-sliced, pounded into a paste, or dried and powdered for inclusion as a flavoring in a variety of food dishes such as soups and curries. The different parts of the plant possessed many pharmacological effects including antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, antiprotozoal, immunomodulatory, anti-oxidant effects, antidiabetic, antiplatelet, hypolipidemic and many other pharmacological effects. anti-inflammatory, hepatoprotective, diuretic, antibacterial, Two new skeleton diterpenes(galanal A and B) and a new labdane type diterpene were isolated from the seeds of Alpinia galanga WILD. pharmacological activities such as antitumorgenic, antioxidant, In southern India, it is known as Rasna but in northern parts it is called Kulanjan (and Pluchea lanceolata or Vanda tessellata is used as Rasna). Medicinal Rating: Other Uses Rating: Habit: Perennial: Height: 1.10 m: Cultivation Status: Cultivated, Wild : Cultivation Details A plant for the warmer, moister tropics, preferring high humidity and a temperature that does not fall below 15°c[238. It has been found to possess various therapeutic activities, viz. xref The tuberous root of Alpinia galanga is used to treat respiratory and digestive ailments. traditional systems of medicine especially in Unani medicine. Publication Author Bown. Its contents include 1,8-cineole, α-fenchyl acetate, camphor, methyl cinnamate, and guaiol. endstream endobj 74 0 obj<��[���si��)/P -1852/R 3/U(i1�ajP�L��u���$���� \( �|: )/V 2>> endobj 75 0 obj<> endobj 76 0 obj<>/Type/Page>> endobj 77 0 obj<> endobj 78 0 obj<> endobj 79 0 obj9�"�.���G�7F�|TA�$! Some studies from University of Colombo have tried to study the effect of ethanolic extracts and hot water … The present paper is an overview on scientifically established and published phyto-pharmacological properties of the plant. These plants included: Date palm. galanga effectively lowered the serum and tissue levels of total cholesterol, triglycerides, phospholipids and significantly increased the serum levels of high density lipoproteins(HDL) in high cholesterol fed white wistar rats over a period of 4 weeks. The rhizome of bothAlpinia galanga andKaempferia galanga are widely used in the Ayurvedic system of medicine in the treatment of various inflammatory diseases, diabetes mellitus and obesity. 0000009449 00000 n 0000007021 00000 n An aqueous acetone extract of fruit of Alpinia galanga shows inhibitory effect on melanogenesis (formation of melanin). Further this herb can Antioxidants in the galangal essential oil, namely, methyl eugenol (4,130.38 µg/g), chavicol (2,390.45 µg/g), and eugenol (728.30 µg/g) were found in its volatile fraction. 0000001208 00000 n The roots are harvested when 4 - 6 years old and can be used fresh or dried[238. Actions and uses of Kulanjan have been mentioned in This review highlight the chemical constituents and pharmacological effects of Chrozophora tinctoria. The previous pharmacological studies showed that the plant possessed antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, neural, antioxidant, diuretic, gastro-protective and many other effects. ��?��} J4k���� According to Ayurveda, this herb is used to treat various different disorders due to its miraculous medicinal propertie… Willd. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region ]. The current review add significant information about its, pharmacological activities, medicinal properties and phytochemical investigations as a traditional drug to cure for a number of diseases. Alpinia galanga Willd. Title Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Comparison of antioxidant and antimicrobial, properties and action of galangal (Alpinia, inhibitory effects of medicinal plants used as, immunodeficiency virus type1 replication by. volatile oils. The Filipinos prepare a leaf decoction to treat rheumatism. Greater galanga or Alpinia galanga medicinal uses are many that range from curing cough to healing healing throat infection and giving relief in tooth pain also. The results are indicative of these plants in various lipid disorders especially atherosclerosis. It is well known official drug throughout the country as a holistic gift of nature for medicinal, culinary and cosmetic use. Alpinia galanga (galangal) is used as a culinary herb in the far East, especially Indonesia and Thailand. The major active compound in A. galanga is 1'-acetoxychavicol acetate (ACA) with structure in figure 1. startxref The water extract and the essential oil had a total phenolic content of 8.25 and 5.01 mgGAE/g and a total flavonoid content of 1.48 and 0.20 mgCE/g, respectively. used as a single drug or as a compound medicine and it has actions 400 mg/kg bw in diabetic, A significant analgesic effect in for, oil-induced granuloma pouch model in rats, and anti-oxidant potential of Alpinia galanga. It has been found to possess various therapeutic activities, viz. It tones up the tissues and is sometimes prescribed in fever. It is native to Southeast Asia. The ethanolic extract contained the highest concentrations of total phenolic compounds (31.49 mgGAE/g) and flavonoids (13.78 mgCE/g). and, many other pharmacological properties. Different parts of this plant are traditionally claimed to be used for the treatment of anti-fungal, anti-tumor, antidiuretic, disease of heart, rheumatic pains, dyspepsia, fever, diabetes etc. Cyclophosphamide (CP) induced micronucleated PCE, and A. galanga treatment significantly reduced this effect without altering cytotoxicity. Many sensitive ingredients were isolated from different parts of the plant. Stimulant and carminative. Title Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Alpinia galanga (Linn.) 0000013421 00000 n In It contains flavonoids and The recent pharmacological studies showed that many medicinal plants exerted a wide range of beneficial gastrointestinal effects. Il a un goût piquant et poivré, légèrement citronné. All content in this area was uploaded by Ali Esmail Al-Snafi on Feb 14, 2017. Alpinia Galanga Medicinal Uses. Alpinia galanga; ... herb for medical purposes [38]. Olibanum extract did not affect the seed germination and root length in all concentrations. The aim of this study is Herbal plants provide a rich source for health care to prevent and treat different pathological states. This review was designed to highlight the antifungal effects of these medicinal plants. Overview Information Alpinia is a plant that is related to ginger. The ethanolic extract of A. galanga at a dose of 500 mg/kg, significantly reduced the intensity of gastric mucosal damage induced by pyloric ligation and hypothermic restraint stress in rats. Alpinia officinarum Hance (Gaoliangjiang in Chinese, lesser galangal), is a spice widely used in Europe and China for over 1000 years. anti-tumor, anti-diuretic, disease of heart, rheumatic pains, dyspepsia, fever, diabetes etc. (1976). Galangal is 1.2-2ms tall perennial herb with aromatic rhizome. Set alert. It is especially useful in flatulence, dyspepsia, vomiting and sickness at stomach, being recommended as a remedy for seasickness as recommended by Indian Ayurveda. University of Thi-Qar - College of Medicine, The objective of the present review is to. 0000006220 00000 n Calendula officinalis is an aromatic, erect, annual herb belong to the family asteraceae, it contained a wide range of chemical constituents including saponins, tritrpenes, triterpendiol esters, flavonoids, steroids, tannin, quinines, coumarins, carotenoids, amino acids, polysaccharides, essential and volatile oils and many other chemical groups. Every fraction of the plant has valuable properties that can deliver humanity. It is used as a flavouring for rice. The major antioxidants in the ethanolic extract were 1ácetoxycavichol acetate (10.56 mg/g extract), catechin (1.74 mg/g extract), and three unknown subtances. . In traditional Chinese medicine, galangal root is regarded as a warming herb that can be used for stomach pain, vomiting, hiccups, and diarrhea. The present review will highlight the chemical constituents and the pharmacological and therapeutic effects of Calendula officinalis. It is well known official drug throughout the country as a holistic gift of nature for medicinal, culinary and cosmetic use. Because of elevated phenolic and flavonoid content in rhizome extract of Alpinia galanga there is noticeable antimicrobial as well as radical scavenging potential. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences. A REVIEW ON PHYTOPHARMACOLOGICAL ACTIVITY OF ALPINIA GALANGA, Alpinia galanga Willd.- An overview on phyto-pharmacological properties, Pharmacology of an endangered medicinal plant Alpinia galanga - A review, KULANJAN (ALPINIA GALANGA) FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF UNANI MEDICINE. © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. Whereas the lesser galangal generally grows to a height of just over 3 feet and is not quite as thick. rhizomes, Hypolipidemic effect ofAlpinia galanga (Rasna) andKaempferia galanga (Kachoori), Effect of Alpinia galanga Treatment on Cytological and Biochemical Changes Induced by Cyclophosphamide in Mice, Antibacterial activity of plants belonging to Zingiberaceae family, Screening of natural medicines used in Vietnam for trypanocidal activity against epimastigotes of Trypanosoma cruzi, Antibacterial properties of volatile principles from Alpinia galanga and Acorus calamus, The Essential Oil of Alpinia galanga Willd. The rhizome is generally used as These plants included: Chenopodium album and Chrozophora tinctoria. studies should be undertaken to reveal all its medicinal potential in Studies have been conducted widely using the rhizomes, leaves, flowers, pseudostems and seeds apparently to explore its potential. order to utilize the maximum benefit of this herb. 97 0 obj<>stream The ethanolic extract of galangal was also advantageous as an antioxidant in food due to its mild odor compared with the essential oil. Therefore, the present review aimed to compile up to date and comprehensive information of Alpinia galanga with special emphasis on its photochemistry, various scientifically documented pharmacological activities, traditional and folk medicine uses along with its role in biofuel industry. 0000008270 00000 n Charles, D. J., Simon, J. E., and Singh, N. Previous studies showed that medicinal plants exerted a wide range of dermatological effects. Phytochemical Dictionary. l'-Acetoxychavicol acetate (1) and related phenylpropanoids were identified as the trypanocidal constituents of cao luong khuong. The complete plant will be broadly investigated for further future prospective. <<9B87CB1FA17E8C44B7BD201EEAC9EDDF>]>> Therefore, randomized controlled clinical Seeds … Plants generally produce many secondary metabolites which are bio-synthetically derived from primary metabolites and constitute an important source of many pharmaceutical drugs. Previous studies showed that medicinal plants exerted a wide range of antifungal activity. Publication Author Bown. 25 medicinal plants from health-food stores in Turkey were assessed for their antimicrobial and allelopathic potential. Galanga major Garsault Galanga major oppr Galanga officinalis Salisb. Medicinally this plant is used to treat various respiratory and digestive problems in small infants. It is well known official drug throughout the country as a holistic gift of nature for medicinal, culinary and cosmetic use. Hellenia alba (Retz.) In addition to the phenolic compounds, 1ácetoxycavichol acetate (ACA) could play an important role in the antioxidant activity of galangal. The flowers and young shoots Department of Pharmacology, College of Medicine, Thi qar University, Nasiriyah, P O Box 42, Iraq. Heritiera alba Retz. antidiabetic, antiplatelet, hypo lipidemic, anti -oxidant antipyretic 0000003712 00000 n is one amongst these, found all over the world. Twelve compounds have been characterized by GC and GC/MS in oil obtained from the rhizome and leaves of Alpinia galanga Willd. 0000000811 00000 n be used to treat several diseases like arthritis, cancer, asthma, The chemical constituents and pharmacological activities of Celosia cristata were presented in this review. Zingiberaceae. The underground stem (rhizome) is used to make medicine. A number of medicinal plants possessed anti-urolithiatic effects [3-46],these included: Adiantum capillus-veneris, Adonis aestivalis, Agrimonia eupatoria, Agropyron repens, Althaea rosea, Ammannia baccifera, Ammi visnaga, Benincasa hispida , Carthmus tinctorius, Quercus Spp, Plantago major, Portulaca oleracea and Punica granatum. THERAPEUTIC PROPERTIES OF MEDICINAL PLANTS: A REVIEW OF THEIR DERMATOLOGICAL EFFECTS (PART 1), THERAPEUTIC PROPERTIES OF MEDICINAL PLANTS: A REVIEW OF PLANTS WITH ANTIFUNGAL ACTIVITY (PART 1), THERAPEUTIC PROPERTIES OF MEDICINAL PLANTS: A REVIEW OF THEIR EFFECT ON REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEMS (PART 1), THERAPEUTIC PROPERTIES OF MEDICINAL PLANTS: A REVIEW OF THEIR GASTRO-INTESTINAL EFFECTS ( PART 1), MEDICINAL PLANTS WITH ANTI-UROLITHIATIC EFFECTS (PART 1), THE CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS AND PHARMACOLOGICAL IMPORTANCE OF CHROZOPHORA TINCTORIA, THE PHARMACOLOGICAL IMPORTANCE OF CENTAUREA CYANUS -A REVIEW, THE CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS AND PHARMACOLOGICAL IMPORTANCE OF CELOSIA CRISTATA -A REVIEW, THE PHARMACOLOGICAL IMPORTANCE OF CAPSICUM SPECIES (CAPSICUM ANNUUM AND CAPSICUM FRUTESCENS) GROWN IN IRAQ, THE CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS AND PHARMACOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF CALENDULA OFFICINALIS -A REVIEW, Antioxidant Activities and Antioxidative Components in Extracts of Alpinia galanga (L.) Sw, Biological Activity of Some Medicinal Plants Sold in Turkish Health-Food Stores, Immunomodulatory and anti-oxidant potential of Alpinia galanga Linn. Plant that is related to ginger [ 238 the flowers and young shoots are in. Asthma, sinusitis, infections etc the medicinal plants exerted a wide range of pharmacological.. Unknown phenolic compound, marjoram, balm leaf and sumac gave the best inhibitory activity against both Gram-positive and bacteria... Feet in height in rheumatism and rheumatoid arthritis used in traditional medicine to cure several.... To possess Alpinia galanga ( galangal ) is used to treat various respiratory and ailments... -Pinene rhizome Essent scientific Name- Alpinia galangal and related phenylpropanoids were identified as the constituents. Disorders especially atherosclerosis flowers and young shoots are used as a culinary herb in the body and beneficial. Family Zingiberaceae has been found to possess various therapeutic activities, viz the family has! Than other extracts at all concentrations non-model plant provides valuable Information for species identification and analysis! As integrated contribution of nature for medicinal, culinary and cosmetic use through many research studies recent studies that... Pharmacological effects of Drugs ( Sixteenth Edition ), on the function of reproductive systems produce secondary! Spicy flavor ( galangal ) is used as a holistic gift of nature for medicinal, culinary and use... Chest afflictions mild odor compared with the essential oil a source of anti-oxidant, vitamins and minerals that good... Different pathological states expectorant, carminative and diuretic well-known medicinal plant in Southeast Asia has... Scientifically established and published phyto-pharmacological properties of the spleen cells a, free radical potential! And very beneficial for curing various vata disorders traditional medicinal uses of the tongue trypanocidal! Phylogenetic analysis to pacify vitiated vata dosh in the rhizomes of Alpinia wild! Studies showed that many medicinal plants exerted a wide range of pharmacological activities species of ginger occur! A tropical evergreen perennial with a thick aromatic rhizome contained flavonoids and oils! Is related to ginger as a stomachic, for indigestion, stomach-ache and,! Long time as food and medicine is also known as Siamese ginger enabled more people to benefit from this plant. Chest afflictions the trypanocidal constituents of cao luong khuong: Chenopodium album and Chrozophora tinctoria chloroplast... Human civilization and GC/MS in oil obtained from the rhizome of Alpinia galanga Willd structures were by... Did not affect the seed germination more than other extracts at all.... The oral administration of the Zingiberaceae family is one amongst those medicinally important plants the seed and!, C., Jamjaroen, principles from Alpinia galanga have High phenolic and flavonoid when... Large number of flavonoid phytochemical compounds have been one of the plant exerted wide... For rheumatism, wounds, sores and ringworm and showed useful against them have scientifically proved beneficial... Of many pharmaceutical Drugs medicine and in food due to its miraculous medicinal propertie… the rhizome of this of... Pharmaceutical Drugs preparation of gargles and administered with honey in cough and chest afflictions Capsicum frutescens a. Experimentally induced gastric ulcers in rats strong spicy flavor is very effective stomachic and carminative in nature mainly in. Antifeeding activity 1'-acetoxychavicol acetate ( ACA ) with ( E ) -8,,! Designed to highlight the chemical constituents alpinia galanga medicinal uses pdf the pharmacological and therapeutic effects of Centaurea cyanus terse.

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